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Airport Operations

made a series of instrument approaches to full stop
landings should inform ATC when they make their
final landing. The controller will control flights
practicing instrument approaches so as to ensure that
they do not disrupt the flow of arriving and departing
itinerant IFR or VFR aircraft. The priority afforded
itinerant aircraft over practice instrument approaches
is not intended to be so rigidly applied that it causes
grossly inefficient application of services. A
minimum delay to itinerant traffic may be appropriate
to allow an aircraft practicing an approach to
complete that approach.


A clearance to land means that appropriate separation on
the landing runway will be ensured. A landing clearance
does not relieve the pilot from compliance with any
previously issued restriction.


At airports without a tower, pilots wishing to

make practice instrument approaches should notify
the facility having control jurisdiction of the desired
approach as indicated on the approach chart. All
approach control facilities and ARTCCs are required
to publish a Letter to Airmen depicting those airports
where they provide standard separation to both VFR
and IFR aircraft conducting practice instrument


The controller will provide approved separation

between both VFR and IFR aircraft when authoriza-
tion is granted to make practice approaches to airports
where an approach control facility is located and to
certain other airports served by approach control or
an ARTCC. Controller responsibility for separation
of VFR aircraft begins at the point where the
approach clearance becomes effective, or when the
aircraft enters Class B or Class C airspace, or a TRSA,
whichever comes first.


VFR aircraft practicing instrument approaches

are not automatically authorized to execute the
missed approach procedure. This authorization must
be specifically requested by the pilot and approved by
the controller. Where ATC procedures require
application of IFR separation to VFR aircraft
practicing instrument approaches, separation will be
provided throughout the procedure including the
missed approach. Where no separation services are
provided during the practice approach, no separation
services will be provided during the missed approach.


Except in an emergency, aircraft cleared to

practice instrument approaches must not deviate from

the approved procedure until cleared to do so by the


At radar approach control locations when a full

approach procedure (procedure turn, etc.,) cannot be
approved, pilots should expect to be vectored to a
final approach course for a practice instrument
approach which is compatible with the general
direction of traffic at that airport.


When granting approval for a practice

instrument approach, the controller will usually ask
the pilot to report to the tower prior to or over the final
approach fix inbound (nonprecision approaches) or
over the outer marker or fix used in lieu of the outer
marker inbound (precision approaches).


When authorization is granted to conduct

practice instrument approaches to an airport with a
tower, but where approved standard separation is not
provided to aircraft conducting practice instrument
approaches, the tower will approve the practice
approach, instruct the aircraft to maintain VFR and
issue traffic information, as required.


When an aircraft notifies a FSS providing Local

Airport Advisory to the airport concerned of the
intent to conduct a practice instrument approach and
whether or not separation is to be provided, the pilot
will be instructed to contact the appropriate facility
on a specified frequency prior to initiating the
approach. At airports where separation is not
provided, the FSS will acknowledge the message and
issue known traffic information but will neither
approve or disapprove the approach.


Pilots conducting practice instrument ap-

proaches should be particularly alert for other aircraft
operating in the local traffic pattern or in proximity to
the airport.


−3−22. Option Approach

The “Cleared for the Option” procedure will permit
an instructor, flight examiner or pilot the option to
make a touch

−and−go, low approach, missed

approach, stop

−and−go, or full stop landing. This

procedure can be very beneficial in a training
situation in that neither the student pilot nor examinee
would know what maneuver would be accomplished.
The pilot should make a request for this procedure
passing the final approach fix inbound on an
instrument approach or entering downwind for a VFR
traffic pattern. After ATC approval of the option, the


7110.65R CHG 2