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instrument approach procedures unless specifically

asked. Pilots authorized by the FAA to use special

instrument approach procedures must specifically

request FDC NOTAM information for these

procedures. Pilots who receive the information

electronically will receive NOTAMs for special IAPs



AIM, Paragraph 7−1−5 , Preflight Briefings,  contains those items of a

weather briefing that should be expected or requested.

h. FAA by 14 CFR Part 93, Subpart K, has

designated High Density Traffic Airports (HDTA)

and has prescribed air traffic rules and requirements

for operating aircraft (excluding helicopter opera-

tions) to and from these airports.


Chart Supplement U.S., Special Notices Section

AIM, Paragraph 4−1−21 , Airport Reservation Operations and Special

Traffic Management Programs

i. In addition to the filing of a flight plan, if the

flight will traverse or land in one or more foreign

countries, it is particularly important that pilots leave

a complete itinerary with someone directly concerned

and keep that person advised of the flight’s progress.

If serious doubt arises as to the safety of the flight, that

person should first contact the FSS.


AIM, Paragraph 5−1−11 , Flights Outside the U.S. and U.S. Territories

j. Pilots operating under provisions of 14 CFR

Part 135 on a domestic flight without having an FAA

assigned 3−letter designator, must prefix the normal

registration (N) number with the letter “T” on flight

plan filing; for example, TN1234B.


AIM, Paragraph 4−2−4 , Aircraft Call Signs

FAA Order JO 7110.65, Paragraph 2−3−5a, Aircraft Identity

FAA Order JO 7110.10, Paragraph 6−2−1b1, Flight Plan Recording

5−1−2. Follow IFR Procedures Even When

Operating VFR

a. To maintain IFR proficiency, pilots are urged to

practice IFR procedures whenever possible, even

when operating VFR. Some suggested practices


1. Obtain a complete preflight and weather

briefing. Check the NOTAMs.

2. File a flight plan. This is an excellent low cost

insurance policy. The cost is the time it takes to fill it

out. The insurance includes the knowledge that

someone will be looking for you if you become

overdue at your destination.

3. Use current charts.
4. Use the navigation aids. Practice maintaining

a good course−keep the needle centered.

5. Maintain a constant altitude which is

appropriate for the direction of flight.

6. Estimate en route position times.
7. Make accurate and frequent position reports

to the FSSs along your route of flight.

b. Simulated IFR flight is recommended (under

the hood); however, pilots are cautioned to review

and adhere to the requirements specified in 14 CFR

Section 91.109 before and during such flight.

c. When flying VFR at night, in addition to the

altitude appropriate for the direction of flight, pilots

should maintain an altitude which is at or above the

minimum en route altitude as shown on charts. This

is especially true in mountainous terrain, where there

is usually very little ground reference. Do not depend

on your eyes alone to avoid rising unlighted terrain,

or even lighted obstructions such as TV towers.

5−1−3. Notice to Airmen (NOTAM) System

a. Time-critical aeronautical information which

is of either a temporary nature or not sufficiently

known in advance to permit publication on

aeronautical charts or in other operational publica-

tions receives immediate dissemination via the

National NOTAM System.


1. NOTAM information is that aeronautical information

that could affect a pilot’s decision to make a flight. It

includes such information as airport or aerodrome

primary runway closures, taxiways, ramps, obstructions,

communications, airspace, changes in the status of

navigational aids, ILSs, radar service availability, and

other information essential to planned en route, terminal,

or landing operations.
2. NOTAM information is transmitted using standard
contractions to reduce transmission time. See TBL 5−1−2
for a listing of the most commonly used contractions. For
a complete listing, see FAA JO Order 7340.2, Contrac-

b. NOTAM information is classified into five

categories. These are NOTAM (D) or distant, Flight

Data Center (FDC) NOTAMs, Pointer NOTAMs,


7110.65R CHG 2