background image





En Route Procedures


4. Flights in an Oceanic (Non-radar) Envi-


 Pilots must report over each point used in

the flight plan to define the route of flight, even if the
point is depicted on aeronautical charts as an “on
request” (non-compulsory) reporting point. For
aircraft providing automatic position reporting via an
Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Contract
(ADS-C) logon, pilots should discontinue voice
position reports.


ATC will inform pilots that they are in “radar contact”:

(a) when their aircraft is initially identified in the ATC

system; and

(b) when radar identification is reestablished after

radar service has been terminated or radar contact lost.
Subsequent to being advised that the controller has
established radar contact, this fact will not be repeated to
the pilot when handed off to another controller. At times,
the aircraft identity will be confirmed by the receiving
controller; however, this should not be construed to mean
that radar contact has been lost. The identity of
transponder equipped aircraft will be confirmed by asking
the pilot to “ident,” “squawk standby,” or to change codes.
Aircraft without transponders will be advised of their
position to confirm identity. In this case, the pilot is
expected to advise the controller if in disagreement with the
position given. Any pilot who cannot confirm the accuracy
of the position given because of not being tuned to the
NAVAID referenced by the controller, should ask for
another radar position relative to the tuned in NAVAID.

d. Position Report Items:

1. Position reports should include the follow-

ing items:








Altitude or flight level (include actual

altitude or flight level when operating on a clearance
specifying VFR



Type of flight plan (not required in IFR

position reports made directly to ARTCCs or
approach control);


ETA and name of next reporting point;


The name only of the next succeeding

reporting point along the route of flight; and


Pertinent remarks.


−3−3. Additional Reports

a. The following reports should be made to

ATC or FSS facilities without a specific ATC

1. At all times.


When vacating any previously assigned

altitude or flight level for a newly assigned altitude or
flight level.


When an altitude change will be made if

operating on a clearance specifying VFR



When unable to climb/descend at a rate of

a least 500 feet per minute.


When approach has been missed. (Re-

quest clearance for specific action; i.e., to alternative
airport, another approach, etc.)


Change in the average true airspeed (at

cruising altitude) when it varies by 5 percent or
10 knots (whichever is greater) from that filed in the
flight plan.


The time and altitude or flight level upon

reaching a holding fix or point to which cleared.


When leaving any assigned holding fix or



The reports in subparagraphs (f) and (g) may be omitted by
pilots of aircraft involved in instrument training at military
terminal area facilities when radar service is being


Any loss, in controlled airspace, of VOR,

TACAN, ADF, low frequency navigation receiver
capability, GPS anomalies while using installed

−certified GPS/GNSS receivers, complete or

partial loss of ILS receiver capability or impairment
of air/ground communications capability. Reports
should include aircraft identification, equipment
affected, degree to which the capability to operate
under IFR in the ATC system is impaired, and the
nature and extent of assistance desired from ATC.


1. Other equipment installed in an aircraft may effectively
impair safety and/or the ability to operate under IFR. If
such equipment (e.g., airborne weather radar) malfunc-
tions and in the pilot’s judgment either safety or IFR
capabilities are affected, reports should be made as above.

2. When reporting GPS anomalies, include the location
and altitude of the anomaly. Be specific when describing


7110.65R CHG 2