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En Route Procedures

FIG 5−3−4

Holding Pattern Entry Procedures

3. Entry Procedures. Holding protected

airspace is designed based in part on pilot compliance

with the three recommended holding pattern entry

procedures discussed below. Deviations from these

recommendations, coupled with excessive airspeed

crossing the holding fix, may in some cases result in

the aircraft exceeding holding protected airspace.

(See FIG 5−3−4.)

(a) Parallel Procedure. When approaching

the holding fix from anywhere in sector (a), the

parallel entry procedure would be to turn to a heading

to parallel the holding course outbound on the

nonholding side for one minute, turn in the direction

of the holding pattern through more than 180 degrees,

and return to the holding fix or intercept the holding

course inbound.

(b) Teardrop Procedure. When approach-

ing the holding fix from anywhere in sector (b), the

teardrop entry procedure would be to fly to the fix,

turn outbound to a heading for a 30 degree teardrop

entry within the pattern (on the holding side) for a

period of one minute, then turn in the direction of the

holding pattern to intercept the inbound holding


(c) Direct Entry Procedure. When ap-

proaching the holding fix from anywhere in

sector (c), the direct entry procedure would be to fly

directly to the fix and turn to follow the holding


(d) While other entry procedures may enable

the aircraft to enter the holding pattern and remain

within protected airspace, the parallel, teardrop and

direct entries are the procedures for entry and holding

recommended by the FAA, and were derived as part

of the development of the size and shape of the

obstacle protection areas for holding.

(e) Nonstandard Holding Pattern. Fix end

and outbound end turns are made to the left. Entry

procedures to a nonstandard pattern are oriented in

relation to the 70 degree line on the holding side just

as in the standard pattern.

4. Timing.

(a) Inbound Leg.

(1) At or below 14,000 feet MSL: 1 minute.
(2) Above 14,000 feet MSL: 1






The initial outbound leg should be flown for 1 minute or





 minutes (appropriate to altitude). Timing for

subsequent outbound legs should be adjusted, as

necessary, to achieve proper inbound leg time. Pilots may

use any navigational means available; i.e., DME, RNAV,

etc., to ensure the appropriate inbound leg times.

(b) Outbound leg timing begins over/abeam

the fix, whichever occurs later. If the abeam position


7110.65R CHG 2