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Pilot/Controller Roles and Responsibilities

5−5−5. Missed Approach

a. Pilot.

1. Executes a missed approach when one of the

following conditions exist:

(a) Arrival at the Missed Approach

Point (MAP) or the Decision Height (DH) and visual

reference to the runway environment is insufficient to

complete the landing.

(b) Determines that a safe approach or

landing is not possible (see subparagraph 5−4−21h).

(c) Instructed to do so by ATC.

2. Advises ATC that a missed approach will be

made. Include the reason for the missed approach

unless the missed approach is initiated by ATC.

3. Complies with the missed approach instruc-

tions for the IAP being executed from the MAP,

unless other missed approach instructions are

specified by ATC.

4. If executing a missed approach prior to

reaching the MAP, fly the lateral navigation path of

the instrument procedure to the MAP. Climb to the

altitude specified in the missed approach procedure,

except when a maximum altitude is specified

between the final approach fix (FAF) and the MAP. In

that case, comply with the maximum altitude

restriction. Note, this may require a continued

descent on the final approach.

5. When applicable, apply cold temperature

correction to the published missed approach segment.

Advise ATC when intending to apply cold

temperature correction and of the amount of

correction required on initial contact (or as soon as

possible). This information is required for ATC to

provide aircraft appropriate vertical separation

between known traffic. The pilot must not apply an

altitude correction to an assigned altitude when

provided an initial heading to fly or radar vector in

lieu of published missed approach procedures, unless

approved by ATC.


AIM, Paragraph 7−2−3 , Altimeter Errors 

AIM, TBL 7−2−3, ICAO Cold Temperature Error

6. Following a missed approach, requests

clearance for specific action; i.e., another approach,

hold for improved conditions, proceed to an alternate

airport, etc.

b. Controller.

1. Issues an approved alternate missed approach

procedure if it is desired that the pilot execute a

procedure other than as depicted on the instrument

approach chart.

2. May vector a radar identified aircraft

executing a missed approach when operationally

advantageous to the pilot or the controller.

3. In response to the pilot’s stated intentions,

issues a clearance to an alternate airport, to a holding

fix, or for reentry into the approach sequence, as

traffic conditions permit.

5−5−6. Radar Vectors

a. Pilot.

1. Promptly complies with headings and

altitudes assigned to you by the controller.

2. Questions any assigned heading or altitude

believed to be incorrect.

3. If operating VFR and compliance with any

radar vector or altitude would cause a violation of any

CFR, advises ATC and obtains a revised clearance or


b. Controller.

1. Vectors aircraft in Class A, Class B, Class C,

Class D, and Class E airspace:

(a) For separation.
(b) For noise abatement.
(c) To obtain an operational advantage for the

pilot or controller.

2. Vectors aircraft in Class A, Class B, Class C,

Class D, Class E, and Class G airspace when

requested by the pilot.

3. Vectors IFR aircraft at or above minimum

vectoring altitudes.

4. May vector VFR aircraft, not at an ATC

assigned altitude, at any altitude. In these cases,

terrain separation is the pilot’s responsibility.

5−5−7. Safety Alert

a. Pilot.

1. Initiates appropriate action if a safety alert is

received from ATC.