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AIM

10/12/17

5

−5−5

Pilot/Controller Roles and Responsibilities

(c) Instructs pilots to “resume published

speed” when aircraft are cleared via a charted
instrument flight procedure that contains published
speed restrictions.

(d) Advises aircraft to “delete speed restric-

tions” when ATC assigned or published speed
restrictions on a charted procedure are no longer
required.

(e) Clears pilots for approach without restat-

ing previously issued speed adjustments.

REFERENCE

Pilot/Controller Glossary Term

− Resume Normal Speed

Pilot/Controller Glossary Term

− Resume Published Speed

6. Gives due consideration to aircraft capabili-

ties to reduce speed while descending.

7. Does not assign speed adjustments to aircraft

at or above FL 390 without pilot consent.

5

−5−10. Traffic Advisories (Traffic

Information)

a. Pilot.

1. Acknowledges receipt of traffic advisories.

2. Informs controller if traffic in sight.

3. Advises ATC if a vector to avoid traffic is

desired.

4. Does not expect to receive radar traffic

advisories on all traffic. Some aircraft may not appear
on the radar display. Be aware that the controller may
be occupied with higher priority duties and unable to
issue traffic information for a variety of reasons.

5. Advises controller if service is not desired.

b. Controller.

1. Issues radar traffic to the maximum extent

consistent with higher priority duties except in
Class A airspace.

2. Provides vectors to assist aircraft to avoid

observed traffic when requested by the pilot.

3. Issues traffic information to aircraft in the

Class B, Class C, and Class D surface areas for
sequencing purposes.

4. Controllers are required to issue to each

aircraft operating on intersecting or nonintersecting

converging runways where projected flight paths
will cross.

5

−5−11. Visual Approach

a. Pilot.

1. If a visual approach is not desired, advises

ATC.

2. Complies with controller’s instructions for

vectors toward the airport of intended landing or to a
visual position behind a preceding aircraft.

3. The pilot must, at all times, have either the

airport or the preceding aircraft in sight. After being
cleared for a visual approach, proceed to the airport
in a normal manner or follow the preceding aircraft.
Remain clear of clouds while conducting a visual
approach.

4. If the pilot accepts a visual approach

clearance to visually follow a preceding aircraft, you
are required to establish a safe landing interval behind
the aircraft you were instructed to follow. You are
responsible for wake turbulence separation.

5. Advise ATC immediately if the pilot is unable

to continue following the preceding aircraft, cannot
remain clear of clouds, needs to climb, or loses sight
of the airport.

6. Be aware that radar service is automatically

terminated, without being advised by ATC, when the
pilot is instructed to change to advisory frequency.

7. Be aware that there may be other traffic in the

traffic pattern and the landing sequence may differ
from the traffic sequence assigned by approach
control or ARTCC.

b. Controller.

1. Do not clear an aircraft for a visual approach

unless reported weather at the airport is ceiling at or
above 1,000 feet and visibility is 3 miles or greater.
When weather is not available for the destination
airport, inform the pilot and do not initiate a visual
approach to that airport unless there is reasonable
assurance that descent and flight to the airport can be
made visually.

2. Issue visual approach clearance when the

pilot reports sighting either the airport or a preceding
aircraft which is to be followed.

3. Provide separation except when visual

separation is being applied by the pilot.