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National Security and Interception Procedures

pilot from complying with (a) or (b) above, the pilot
must report immediately after departure: the time of
departure, the altitude, and the estimated time of
arrival over the first reporting point along the flight

3. Foreign civil aircraft.

 If the pilot of a foreign

civil aircraft that intends to enter the U.S. through an
ADIZ cannot comply with the reporting requirements
in subparagraphs c1 or c2 above, as applicable, the
pilot must report the position of the aircraft to the
appropriate aeronautical facility not less than 1 hour
and not more than 2 hours average direct cruising
distance from the U.S.

d. Land

−Based ADIZ. Land−Based ADIZ are

activated and deactivated over U.S. metropolitan
areas as needed, with dimensions, activation dates
and other relevant information disseminated via
NOTAM. Pilots unable to comply with all NOTAM
requirements must remain clear of Land


ADIZ. Pilots entering a Land

−Based ADIZ without

authorization or who fail to follow all requirements
risk interception by military fighter aircraft.

e. Exceptions to ADIZ requirements.


Except for the national security requirements

in paragraph 5

−6−2, transponder requirements in

subparagraph 5

−6−4b1, and position reporting in

subparagraph 5

−6−4c, the ADIZ requirements in

14 CFR Part 99 described in this section do not apply
to the following aircraft operations pursuant to
Section 99.1(b), Applicability:


Within the 48 contiguous States or within

the State of Alaska, on a flight which remains within
10 NM of the point of departure;


Operating at true airspeed of less than 180

knots in the Hawaii ADIZ or over any island, or
within 12 NM of the coastline of any island, in the
Hawaii ADIZ;


Operating at true airspeed of less than 180

knots in the Alaska ADIZ while the pilot maintains a
continuous listening watch on the appropriate
frequency; or


Operating at true airspeed of less than 180

knots in the Guam ADIZ.


An FAA air route traffic control center

(ARTCC) may exempt certain aircraft operations on
a local basis in concurrence with the DOD or pursuant
to an agreement with a U.S. Federal security or

intelligence agency. (See 14 CFR 99.1 for additional


A VFR flight plan filed inflight makes an

aircraft subject to interception for positive identifica-
tion when entering an ADIZ. Pilots are therefore
urged to file the required DVFR flight plan either in
person or by telephone prior to departure when able.


−6−5. Civil Aircraft Operations To or From

U.S. Territorial Airspace


Civil aircraft, except as described in subpara-

graph 5

−6−5b below, are authorized to operate to or

from U.S. territorial airspace if in compliance with all
of the following conditions:


File and are on an active flight plan (IFR,

VFR, or DVFR);


Are equipped with an operational transpon-

der with altitude reporting capability, and
continuously squawk an ATC assigned transponder


Maintain two

−way radio communications

with ATC;


Comply with all other applicable ADIZ

requirements described in paragraph 5

−6−4 and any

other national security requirements in paragraph



Comply with all applicable U.S. Customs and

Border Protection (CBP) requirements, including
Advance Passenger Information System (APIS)
requirements (see subparagraph 5

−6−5c below for

CBP APIS information), in accordance with 19 CFR
Part 122, Air Commerce Regulations; and


Are in receipt of, and are operating in

accordance with, an FAA routing authorization if the
aircraft is registered in a U.S. State Department


ignated special interest country or is operating with
the ICAO three letter designator (3LD) of a company
in a country listed as a U.S. State Department


nated special interest country, unless the operator
holds valid FAA Part 129 operations specifications.
VFR and DVFR flight operations are prohibited for
any aircraft requiring an FAA routing authorization.
(See paragraph 5

−6−11 for FAA routing authoriza-

tion information).


Civil aircraft registered in the U.S., Canada, or

Mexico with a maximum certificated takeoff gross
weight of 100,309 pounds (45,500 kgs) or less that are