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Emergency Services Available to Pilots

3. If you land en route and are delayed more than

30 minutes, report this information to the nearest FSS

and give them your original destination.

4. If your ETE changes by 30 minutes or more,

report a new ETA to the nearest FSS and give them

your original destination. Remember that if you fail

to respond within one-half hour after your ETA at

final destination, a search will be started to locate you.

5. It is important that you close your flight plan




is responsible for closure of a VFR or DVFR flight

plan; they are not closed automatically. This will

prevent needless search efforts.

6. The rapidity of rescue on land or water will

depend on how accurately your position may be

determined. If a flight plan has been followed and

your position is on course, rescue will be expedited.

h. Survival Equipment.

1. For flight over uninhabited land areas, it is

wise to take and know how to use survival equipment

for the type of climate and terrain.

2. If a forced landing occurs at sea, chances for

survival are governed by the degree of crew

proficiency in emergency procedures and by the

availability and effectiveness of water survival


i. Body Signal Illustrations.

1. If you are forced down and are able to attract

the attention of the pilot of a rescue airplane, the body

signals illustrated on these pages can be used to

transmit messages to the pilot circling over your


2. Stand in the open when you make the signals.

3. Be sure the background, as seen from the air,

is not confusing.

4. Go through the motions slowly and repeat

each signal until you are positive that the pilot

understands you.

j. Observance of Downed Aircraft.

1. Determine if crash is marked with a yellow

cross; if so, the crash has already been reported and


2. If possible, determine type and number of

aircraft and whether there is evidence of survivors.

3. Fix the position of the crash as accurately as

possible with reference to a navigational aid. If

possible, provide geographic or physical description

of the area to aid ground search parties.

4. Transmit the information to the nearest FAA

or other appropriate radio facility.

5. If circumstances permit, orbit the scene to

guide in other assisting units until their arrival or until

you are relieved by another aircraft.

6. Immediately after landing, make a complete

report to the nearest FAA facility, or Air Force or

Coast Guard Rescue Coordination Center. The report

can be made by a long distance collect telephone call.