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recommendation is advisory in nature. The final

decision as to whether the flight can be conducted

safely rests solely with the pilot. Upon receiving a

VFR flight not recommended” statement, the

non−IFR rated pilot will need to make a “go or no go”

decision. This decision should be based on weighing

the current and forecast weather conditions against

the pilot’s experience and ratings. The aircraft’s

equipment, capabilities and limitations should also

be considered.


Pilots flying into areas of minimal VFR weather could

encounter unforecasted lowering conditions that place the

aircraft outside the pilot’s ratings and experience level.

This could result in spatial disorientation and/or loss of

control of the aircraft.

3. Synopsis. A brief statement describing the

type, location and movement of weather systems

and/or air masses which might affect the proposed



These first 3 elements of a briefing may be combined in any

order when the briefer believes it will help to more clearly

describe conditions.

4. Current Conditions. Reported weather

conditions applicable to the flight will be summarized

from all available sources; e.g., METARs/ SPECIs,

PIREPs, RAREPs. This element will be omitted if the

proposed time of departure is beyond 2 hours, unless

the information is specifically requested by the pilot.

5. En Route Forecast. Forecast en route

conditions for the proposed route are summarized in

logical order; i.e., departure/climbout, en route, and

descent. (Heights are MSL, unless the contractions

“AGL” or “CIG” are denoted indicating that heights

are above ground.)

6. Destination Forecast. The destination fore-

cast for the planned ETA. Any significant changes

within 1 hour before and after the planned arrival are


7. Winds Aloft. Forecast winds aloft will be

provided using degrees of the compass. The briefer

will interpolate wind directions and speeds between

levels and stations as necessary to provide expected

conditions at planned altitudes. (Heights are MSL.)

Temperature information will be provided on request.

8. Notices to Airmen (NOTAMs).

(a) Available NOTAM (D) information perti-

nent to the proposed flight, including special use

airspace (SUA) NOTAMs for restricted areas, aerial

refueling, and night vision goggles (NVG).


Other SUA NOTAMs (D), such as military operations

area (MOA), military training route (MTR), and warning

area NOTAMs, are considered “upon request” briefing

items as indicated in paragraph 7−1−4b10(a).

(b) Prohibited Areas P−40, P−49, P−56,

and the special flight rules area (SFRA) for

Washington, DC.

(c) FSS briefers do not provide FDC NOTAM

information for special instrument approach proce-

dures unless specifically asked. Pilots authorized by

the FAA to use special instrument approach

procedures must specifically request FDC NOTAM

information for these procedures.


1. NOTAM information may be combined with current

conditions when the briefer believes it is logical to do so.
2. Airway NOTAMs, procedural NOTAMs, and NOTAMs
that are general in nature and not tied to a specific
airport/facility (for example, flight advisories and
restrictions, open duration special security instructions,
and special flight rules areas) are briefed solely by pilot
request. NOTAMs, graphic notices, and other information
published in the NTAP are not included in pilot briefings
unless the pilot specifically requests a review of this
publication. For complete flight information, pilots are
urged to review the printed information in the NTAP and
the Chart Supplement U.S. In addition to obtaining a

9. ATC Delays. Any known ATC delays and

flow control advisories which might affect the

proposed flight.

10. Pilots may obtain the following from

flight service station briefers upon request:

(a) Information on SUA and SUA−related

airspace, except those listed in paragraph 7−1−4b8.


1. For the purpose of this paragraph, SUA and related

airspace includes the following types of airspace: alert

area, military operations area (MOA), warning area, and

air traffic control assigned airspace (ATCAA). MTR data

includes the following types of airspace: IFR training

routes (IR), VFR training routes (VR), and slow training

routes (SR).
2. Pilots are encouraged to request updated information
from ATC facilities while in flight.


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