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Safety, Accident, and Hazard Reports

Section 6. Safety, Accident, and Hazard Reports

7−6−1. Aviation Safety Reporting Program

a. The FAA has established a voluntary Aviation

Safety Reporting Program designed to stimulate the

free and unrestricted flow of information concerning

deficiencies and discrepancies in the aviation system.

This is a positive program intended to ensure the

safest possible system by identifying and correcting

unsafe conditions before they lead to accidents. The

primary objective of the program is to obtain

information to evaluate and enhance the safety and

efficiency of the present system.

b. This cooperative safety reporting program

invites pilots, controllers, flight attendants, mainte-

nance personnel and other users of the airspace

system, or any other person, to file written reports of

actual or potential discrepancies and deficiencies

involving the safety of aviation operations. The

operations covered by the program include departure,

en route, approach, and landing operations and

procedures, air traffic control procedures and

equipment, crew and air traffic control communica-

tions, aircraft cabin operations, aircraft movement on

the airport, near midair collisions, aircraft mainte-

nance and record keeping and airport conditions or


c. The report should give the date, time, location,

persons and aircraft involved (if applicable), nature

of the event, and all pertinent details.

d. To ensure receipt of this information, the

program provides for the waiver of certain

disciplinary actions against persons, including pilots

and air traffic controllers, who file timely written

reports concerning potentially unsafe incidents. To be

considered timely, reports must be delivered or

postmarked within 10 days of the incident unless that

period is extended for good cause. Reports should be

submitted on NASA ARC Forms 277, which are

available free of charge, postage prepaid, at FAA

Flight Standards District Offices and Flight Service

Stations, and from NASA, ASRS, PO Box 189,

Moffet Field, CA  94035.

e. The FAA utilizes the National Aeronautics and

Space Administration (NASA) to act as an

independent third party to receive and analyze reports

submitted under the program. This program is

described in AC 00−46, Aviation Safety Reporting


7−6−2. Aircraft Accident and Incident


a. Occurrences Requiring Notification. The

operator of an aircraft must immediately, and by the

most expeditious means available, notify the nearest

National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) Field

Office when:

1. An aircraft accident or any of the following

listed incidents occur:

(a) Flight control system malfunction or


(b) Inability of any required flight crew

member to perform their normal flight duties as a

result of injury or illness.

(c) Failure of structural components of a

turbine engine excluding compressor and turbine

blades and vanes.

(d) Inflight fire.
(e) Aircraft collide in flight.
(f) Damage to property, other than the

aircraft, estimated to exceed $25,000 for repair

(including materials and labor) or fair market value in

the event of total loss, whichever is less.

(g) For large multi-engine aircraft (more than

12,500 pounds maximum certificated takeoff


(1) Inflight failure of electrical systems

which requires the sustained use of an emergency bus

powered by a back-up source such as a battery,

auxiliary power unit, or air-driven generator to retain

flight control or essential instruments;

(2) Inflight failure of hydraulic systems

that results in sustained reliance on the sole remaining

hydraulic or mechanical system for movement of

flight control surfaces;

(3) Sustained loss of the power or thrust

produced by two or more engines; and

(4) An evacuation of aircraft in which an

emergency egress system is utilized.