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Safety, Accident, and Hazard Reports

Section 6. Safety, Accident, and Hazard Reports


−6−1. Aviation Safety Reporting Program


The FAA has established a voluntary Aviation

Safety Reporting Program designed to stimulate the
free and unrestricted flow of information concerning
deficiencies and discrepancies in the aviation system.
This is a positive program intended to ensure the
safest possible system by identifying and correcting
unsafe conditions before they lead to accidents. The
primary objective of the program is to obtain
information to evaluate and enhance the safety and
efficiency of the present system.


This cooperative safety reporting program

invites pilots, controllers, flight attendants, mainte-
nance personnel and other users of the airspace
system, or any other person, to file written reports of
actual or potential discrepancies and deficiencies
involving the safety of aviation operations. The
operations covered by the program include departure,
en route, approach, and landing operations and
procedures, air traffic control procedures and
equipment, crew and air traffic control communica-
tions, aircraft cabin operations, aircraft movement on
the airport, near midair collisions, aircraft mainte-
nance and record keeping and airport conditions or


The report should give the date, time, location,

persons and aircraft involved (if applicable), nature
of the event, and all pertinent details.


To ensure receipt of this information, the

program provides for the waiver of certain
disciplinary actions against persons, including pilots
and air traffic controllers, who file timely written
reports concerning potentially unsafe incidents. To be
considered timely, reports must be delivered or
postmarked within 10 days of the incident unless that
period is extended for good cause. Reports should be
submitted on NASA ARC Forms 277, which are
available free of charge, postage prepaid, at FAA
Flight Standards District Offices and Flight Service
Stations, and from NASA, ASRS, PO Box 189,
Moffet Field, CA  94035.


The FAA utilizes the National Aeronautics and

Space Administration (NASA) to act as an
independent third party to receive and analyze reports
submitted under the program. This program is

described in AC 00

−46, Aviation Safety Reporting



−6−2. Aircraft Accident and Incident


a. Occurrences Requiring Notification.


operator of an aircraft must immediately, and by the
most expeditious means available, notify the nearest
National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) Field
Office when:


An aircraft accident or any of the following

listed incidents occur:


Flight control system malfunction or



Inability of any required flight crew

member to perform their normal flight duties as a
result of injury or illness.


Failure of structural components of a

turbine engine excluding compressor and turbine
blades and vanes.


Inflight fire.


Aircraft collide in flight.


Damage to property, other than the

aircraft, estimated to exceed $25,000 for repair
(including materials and labor) or fair market value in
the event of total loss, whichever is less.


For large multi-engine aircraft (more than

12,500 pounds maximum certificated takeoff


Inflight failure of electrical systems

which requires the sustained use of an emergency bus
powered by a back-up source such as a battery,
auxiliary power unit, or air-driven generator to retain
flight control or essential instruments;


Inflight failure of hydraulic systems

that results in sustained reliance on the sole remaining
hydraulic or mechanical system for movement of
flight control surfaces;


Sustained loss of the power or thrust

produced by two or more engines; and


An evacuation of aircraft in which an

emergency egress system is utilized.