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Pilot/Controller Glossary

3/29/18

PCG A

−3

navigation aids, navigation routes, designated
airspace, and airports. Commonly used aeronautical
charts are:

a.

Sectional Aeronautical Charts (1:500,000)

Designed for visual navigation of slow or medium
speed aircraft. Topographic information on these
charts features the portrayal of relief and a judicious
selection of visual check points for VFR flight.
Aeronautical information includes visual and radio
aids to navigation, airports, controlled airspace,
permanent special use airspace (SUA), obstructions,
and related data.

b.

VFR Terminal Area Charts (1:250,000)

Depict Class B airspace which provides for the
control or segregation of all the aircraft within Class
B airspace. The chart depicts topographic informa-
tion and aeronautical information which includes
visual and radio aids to navigation, airports,
controlled airspace, permanent SUA, obstructions,
and related data.

c.

En Route Low Altitude Charts

− Provide

aeronautical information for en route instrument
navigation (IFR) in the low altitude stratum.
Information includes the portrayal of airways, limits
of controlled airspace, position identification and
frequencies of radio aids, selected airports, minimum
en route and minimum  obstruction clearance
altitudes, airway distances, reporting points, perma-
nent SUA, and related data. Area charts, which are a
part of this series, furnish terminal data at a larger
scale in congested areas.

d.

En Route High Altitude Charts

− Provide

aeronautical information for en route instrument
navigation (IFR) in the high altitude stratum.
Information includes the portrayal of jet routes,
identification and frequencies of radio aids, selected
airports, distances, time zones, special use airspace,
and related information.

e.

Instrument Approach Procedure (IAP) Charts

Portray the aeronautical data which is required to
execute an instrument approach to an airport. These
charts depict the procedures, including all related
data, and the airport diagram. Each procedure is
designated for use with a specific type of electronic
navigation system including NDB, TACAN, VOR,
ILS RNAV and GLS. These charts are identified by
the type of navigational aid(s)/equipment required to
provide final approach guidance.

f.

Instrument Departure Procedure (DP) Charts

Designed to expedite clearance delivery and to
facilitate transition between takeoff and en route
operations. Each DP is presented as a separate chart
and may serve a single airport or more than one
airport in a given geographical location.

g.

Standard Terminal Arrival (STAR) Charts

Designed to expedite air traffic control arrival
procedures and to facilitate transition between en
route and instrument approach operations. Each
STAR procedure is presented as a separate chart and
may serve a single airport or more than one airport in
a given geographical location.

h.

Airport Taxi Charts

− Designed to expedite the

efficient and safe flow of ground traffic at an airport.
These charts are identified by the official airport
name; e.g., Ronald Reagan Washington National
Airport.

(See ICAO term AERONAUTICAL CHART.)

AERONAUTICAL CHART [ICAO]

− A representa-

tion of a portion of the earth, its culture and relief,
specifically designated to meet the requirements of
air navigation.

AERONAUTICAL INFORMATION MANUAL
(AIM)

− A primary FAA publication whose purpose

is to instruct airmen about operating in the National
Airspace System of the U.S. It provides basic flight
information, ATC Procedures and general instruc-
tional information concerning health, medical facts,
factors affecting flight safety, accident and hazard
reporting, and types of aeronautical charts and their
use.

AERONAUTICAL INFORMATION PUBLICA-
TION (AIP) [ICAO]

− A publication issued by or with

the authority of a State and containing aeronautical
information of a lasting character essential to air
navigation.

(See CHART SUPPLEMENT U.S.)

AFFIRMATIVE

− Yes.

AFIS

(See AUTOMATIC FLIGHT INFORMATION

SERVICE 

− ALASKA FSSs ONLY.)

AFP

(See AIRSPACE FLOW PROGRAM.)

AIM

(See AERONAUTICAL INFORMATION

MANUAL.)