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Pilot/Controller Glossary

3/29/18

PCG V

−2

VFR MILITARY TRAINING ROUTES (VR)

Routes used by the Department of Defense and
associated Reserve and Air Guard units for the
purpose of conducting low-altitude navigation and
tactical training under VFR below 10,000 feet MSL
at airspeeds in excess of 250 knots IAS.

VFR NOT RECOMMENDED

 An advisory

provided by a flight service station to a pilot during
a preflight or inflight weather briefing that flight
under visual flight rules is not recommended. To be
given when the current and/or forecast weather
conditions are at or below VFR minimums. It does
not abrogate the pilot’s authority to make his/her own
decision.

VFR-ON-TOP

 ATC authorization for an IFR

aircraft to operate in VFR conditions at any
appropriate VFR altitude (as specified in 14 CFR and
as restricted by ATC). A pilot receiving this
authorization must comply with the VFR visibility,
distance from cloud criteria, and the minimum IFR
altitudes specified in 14 CFR Part 91. The use of this
term does not relieve controllers of their responsibil-
ity to separate aircraft in Class B and Class C airspace
or TRSAs as required by FAA Order JO 7110.65.

VFR TERMINAL AREA CHARTS

(See AERONAUTICAL CHART.)

VFR WAYPOINT

(See WAYPOINT.)

VHF

(See VERY HIGH FREQUENCY.)

VHF OMNIDIRECTIONAL RANGE/TACTICAL
AIR NAVIGATION

(See VORTAC.)

VIDEO MAP

− An electronically displayed map on

the radar display that may depict data such as airports,
heliports, runway centerline extensions, hospital
emergency landing areas, NAVAIDs and fixes,
reporting points, airway/route centerlines, bound-
aries, handoff points, special use tracks, obstructions,
prominent geographic features, map alignment
indicators, range accuracy marks, and/or minimum
vectoring altitudes.

VISIBILITY

− The ability, as determined by

atmospheric conditions and expressed in units of

distance, to see and identify prominent unlighted
objects by day and prominent lighted objects by
night. Visibility is reported as statute miles, hundreds
of feet or meters.

(Refer to 14 CFR Part 91.)

(Refer to AIM.)

a.

Flight Visibility

− The average forward horizon-

tal distance, from the cockpit of an aircraft in flight,
at which prominent unlighted objects may be seen
and identified by day and prominent lighted objects
may be seen and identified by night.

b.

Ground Visibility

− Prevailing horizontal visi-

bility near the earth’s surface as reported by the
United States National Weather Service or an
accredited observer.

c.

Prevailing Visibility

− The greatest horizontal

visibility equaled or exceeded throughout at least half
the horizon circle which need not necessarily be
continuous.

d.

Runway Visibility Value (RVV)

− The visibility

determined for a particular runway by a transmis-
someter. A meter provides a continuous indication of
the visibility (reported in miles or fractions of miles)
for the runway. RVV is used in lieu of prevailing
visibility in determining minimums for a particular
runway.

e.

Runway Visual Range (RVR)

− An instrumen-

tally derived value, based on standard calibrations,
that represents the horizontal distance a pilot will see
down the runway from the approach end. It is based
on the sighting of either high intensity runway lights
or on the visual contrast of other targets whichever
yields the greater visual range. RVR, in contrast to
prevailing or runway visibility, is based on what a
pilot in a moving aircraft should see looking down the
runway. RVR is horizontal visual range, not slant
visual range. It is based on the measurement of a
transmissometer made near the touchdown point of
the instrument runway and is reported in hundreds of
feet. RVR is used in lieu of RVV and/or prevailing
visibility in determining minimums for a particular
runway.

1.

Touchdown RVR

− The  RVR visibility

readout values obtained from RVR equipment
serving the runway touchdown zone.

2.

Mid-RVR

− The RVR readout values obtained

from RVR equipment located midfield of the runway.