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14 CFR Ch. I (1–1–18 Edition) 

§ 11.21 

regulations for an aircraft, aircraft en-
gine, or propeller design do not contain 
adequate or appropriate safety stand-
ards, because of a novel or unusual de-
sign feature. 




§ 11.21

What are the most common 

kinds of rulemaking actions for 
which FAA follows the Administra-
tive Procedure Act? 

FAA follows the Administrative Pro-

cedure Act (APA) procedures for these 
common types of rules: 

(a) Rules found in the Code of Federal 


(b) Airworthiness directives issued 

under part 39 of this chapter; and 

(c) Airspace Designations issued 

under various parts of this chapter. 

§ 11.23

Does FAA follow the same pro-

cedures in issuing all types of 

Yes, in general, FAA follows the 

same procedures for all rule types. 
There are some differences as to which 
FAA official has authority to issue 
each type, and where you send peti-
tions for FAA to adopt, amend, or re-
peal each type. Assume that the proce-
dures in this subpart apply to all rules, 
except where we specify otherwise. 

§ 11.25

How does FAA issue rules? 

(a) The FAA uses APA rulemaking 

procedures to adopt, amend, or repeal 
regulations. To propose or adopt a new 
regulation, or to change a current reg-
ulation, FAA will issue one or more of 
the following documents. We publish 
these rulemaking documents in the 




unless we name and 

personally serve a copy of a rule on 
every person subject to it. We also 
make all documents available to the 
public by posting them in the Federal 
Docket Management System at http:// 

(1) An advance notice of proposed 

rulemaking (ANPRM). 

(2) A notice of proposed rulemaking 


(3) A supplemental notice of proposed 

rulemaking (SNPRM). 

(4) A final rule. 
(5) A final rule with request for com-


(6) A direct final rule. 

(b) Each of the rulemaking docu-

ments in paragraph (a) of this section 
generally contains the following infor-

(1) The topic involved in the rule-

making document. 

(2) FAA’s legal authority for issuing 

the rulemaking document. 

(3) How interested persons may par-

ticipate in the rulemaking proceeding 
(for example, by filing written com-
ments or making oral presentations at 
a public meeting). 

(4) Whom to call if you have ques-

tions about the rulemaking document. 

(5) The date, time, and place of any 

public meetings FAA will hold to dis-
cuss the rulemaking document. 

(6) The docket number and regulation 

identifier number (RIN) for the rule-
making proceeding. 

[Doc. No. 1999–6622, 65 FR 50863, Aug. 21, 2000, 
as amended at 72 FR 68474, Dec. 5, 2007] 

§ 11.27

Are there other ways FAA col-

lects specific rulemaking rec-
ommendations before we issue an 

Yes, the FAA obtains advice and rec-

ommendations from rulemaking advi-
sory committees. One of these commit-
tees is the Aviation Rulemaking Advi-
sory Committee (ARAC), which is a 
formal standing committee comprised 
of representatives of aviation associa-
tions and industry, consumer groups, 
and interested individuals. In con-
ducting its activities, ARAC complies 
with the Federal Advisory Committee 
Act and the direction of FAA. We task 
ARAC with providing us with rec-
ommended rulemaking actions dealing 
with specific areas and problems. If we 
accept an ARAC recommendation to 
change an FAA rule, we ordinarily pub-
lish an NPRM using the procedures in 
this part. The FAA may establish other 
rulemaking advisory committees as 
needed to focus on specific issues for a 
limited period of time. 

§ 11.29

May FAA change its regulations 

without first issuing an ANPRM or 

The FAA normally adds or changes a 

regulation by issuing a final rule after 
an NPRM. However, FAA may adopt, 
amend, or repeal regulations without 

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