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14 CFR Ch. I (1–1–18 Edition) 

§ 13.203 

territory of the United States to prac-
tice law or appear before the courts of 
that state or territory. 

Complaint  means a document issued 

by an agency attorney alleging a viola-
tion of a provision of the Federal avia-
tion statute listed in the first sentence 
of 49 U.S.C. 46301(d)(2) or in 49 U.S.C. 
47531, or of the Federal hazardous ma-
terials transportation statute, 49 
U.S.C. 5121–5128, or a rule, regulation, 
or order issued under those statutes, 
that has been filed with the Hearing 
Docket after a hearing has been re-
quested under § 13.16(f)(3) or (g)(2)(ii) of 
this part. 

FAA decisionmaker means the Admin-

istrator of the Federal Aviation Ad-
ministration, acting in the capacity of 
the decisionmaker on appeal, or any 
person to whom the Administrator has 
delegated the Administrator’s decision-
making authority in a civil penalty ac-
tion. As used in this subpart, the FAA 
decisionmaker is the official author-
ized to issue a final decision and order 
of the Administrator in a civil penalty 

Mail includes U.S. certified mail, U.S. 

registered mail, or use of an overnight 
express courier service. 

Order assessing civil penalty means a 

document that contains a finding of a 
violation of a provision of the Federal 
aviation statute listed in the first sen-
tence of 49 U.S.C. 46301(d)(2) or in 49 
U.S.C. 47531, or of the Federal haz-
ardous materials transportation stat-
ute, 49 U.S.C. 5121–5128, or a rule, regu-
lation or order issued under those stat-
utes, and may direct payment of a civil 
penalty. Unless an appeal is filed with 
the FAA decisionmaker in a timely 
manner, an initial decision or order of 
an administrative law judge shall be 
considered an order assessing civil pen-
alty if an administrative law judge 
finds that an alleged violation occurred 
and determines that a civil penalty, in 
an amount found appropriate by the 
administrative law judge, is warranted. 
Unless a petition for review is filed 
with a U.S. Court of Appeals in a time-
ly manner, a final decision and order of 
the Administrator shall be considered 
an order assessing civil penalty if the 
FAA decisionmaker finds that an al-
leged violation occurred and a civil 
penalty is warranted. 

Party  means the respondent or the 

Federal Aviation Administration 

Personal delivery includes hand-deliv-

ery or use of a contract or express mes-
senger service. ‘‘Personal delivery’’ 
does not include the use of Government 
interoffice mail service. 

Pleading  means a complaint, an an-

swer, and any amendment of these doc-
uments permitted under this subpart. 

Properly addressed means a document 

that shows an address contained in 
agency records, a residential, business, 
or other address submitted by a person 
on any document provided under this 
subpart, or any other address shown by 
other reasonable and available means. 

Respondent  means a person, corpora-

tion, or company named in a com-

[Amdt. 13–21, 55 FR 27575, July 3, 1990, as 
amended by Amdt. 13–24, 58 FR 50241, Sept. 
24, 1993; Amdt. 13–29, 62 FR 46866, Sept. 4, 
1997; 70 FR 8238, Feb. 18, 2005; 71 FR 70464, 
Dec. 5, 2006] 

§ 13.203

Separation of functions. 

(a) Civil penalty proceedings, includ-

ing hearings, shall be prosecuted by an 
agency attorney. 

(b) An agency employee engaged in 

the performance of investigative or 
prosecutorial functions in a civil pen-
alty action shall not, in that case or a 
factually-related case, participate or 
give advice in a decision by the admin-
istrative law judge or by the FAA deci-
sionmaker on appeal, except as counsel 
or a witness in the public proceedings. 

(c) The Chief Counsel, the Deputy 

Chief Counsel for Policy and Adjudica-
tion, and the Assistant Chief Counsel 
for Litigation, or an attorney on the 
staff of the Assistant Chief Counsel for 
Litigation will advise the FAA deci-
sionmaker regarding an initial decision 
or any appeal of a civil penalty action 
to the FAA decisionmaker. 

[Amdt. 13–21, 55 FR 27575, July 3, 1990, as 
amended by Amdt. 13–24, 58 FR 50241, Sept. 
24, 1993; 70 FR 8238, Feb. 18, 2005] 

§ 13.204

Appearances and rights of 


(a) Any party may appear and be 

heard in person. 

(b) Any party may be accompanied, 

represented, or advised by an attorney 

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