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14 CFR Ch. I (1–1–18 Edition) 

§ 13.218 

judge. A party shall serve a copy of 
each motion on each party. 

(b)  Form and contents. A party shall 

state the relief sought by the motion 
and the particular grounds supporting 
that relief. If a party has evidence in 
support of a motion, the party shall at-
tach any supporting evidence, includ-
ing affidavits, to the motion. 

(c)  Filing of motions. A motion made 

prior to the hearing must be in writing. 
Unless otherwise agreed by the parties 
or for good cause shown, a party shall 
file any prehearing motion, and shall 
serve a copy on each party, not later 
than 30 days before the hearing. Mo-
tions introduced during a hearing may 
be made orally on the record unless the 
administrative law judge directs other-
wise. 

(d) Answers to motions. Any party may 

file an answer, with affidavits or other 
evidence in support of the answer, not 
later than 10 days after service of a 
written motion on that party. When a 
motion is made during a hearing, the 
answer may be made at the hearing on 
the record, orally or in writing, within 
a reasonable time determined by the 
administrative law judge. 

(e)  Rulings on motions. The adminis-

trative law judge shall rule on all mo-
tions as follows: 

(1) Discovery motions. The administra-

tive law judge shall resolve all pending 
discovery motions not later than 10 
days before the hearing. 

(2)  Prehearing motions. The adminis-

trative law judge shall resolve all pend-
ing prehearing motions not later than 7 
days before the hearing. If the adminis-
trative law judge issues a ruling or 
order orally, the administrative law 
judge shall serve a written copy of the 
ruling or order, within 3 days, on each 
party. In all other cases, the adminis-
trative law judge shall issue rulings 
and orders in writing and shall serve a 
copy of the ruling or order on each 
party. 

(3)  Motions made during the hearing. 

The administrative law judge may 
issue rulings and orders on motions 
made during the hearing orally. Oral 
rulings or orders on motions must be 
made on the record. 

(f)  Specific motions. A party may file 

the following motions with the admin-
istrative law judge: 

(1)  Motion to dismiss for insufficiency. 

A respondent may file a motion to dis-
miss the complaint for insufficiency in-
stead of filing an answer. If the admin-
istrative law judge denies the motion 
to dismiss the complaint for insuffi-
ciency, the respondent shall file an an-
swer not later than 10 days after serv-
ice of the administrative law judge’s 
denial of the motion.A motion to dis-
miss the complaint for insufficiency 
must show that the complaint fails to 
state a violation of a provision of the 
Federal aviation statute listed in the 
first sentence in 49 U.S.C. 46301(d)(2) or 
in 49 U.S.C. 47531, or any implementing 
rule, regulation, or order, or a viola-
tion of the Federal hazardous materials 
transportation statute, 49 U.S.C. 5121– 
5128, or any implementing rule, regula-
tion or order. 

(2) Motion to dismiss. A party may file 

a motion to dismiss, specifying the 
grounds for dismissal. If an administra-
tive law judge grants a motion to dis-
miss in part, a party may appeal the 
administrative law judge’s ruling on 
the motion to dismiss under § 13.219(b) 
of this subpart. 

(i)  Motion to dismiss a request for a 

hearing. An agency attorney may file a 
motion to dismiss a request for a hear-
ing instead of filing a complaint. If the 
motion to dismiss is not granted, the 
agency attorney shall file the com-
plaint and shall serve a copy of the 
complaint on each party not later than 
10 days after service of the administra-
tive law judge’s ruling or order on the 
motion to dismiss. If the motion to dis-
miss is granted and the proceedings are 
terminated without a hearing, the re-
spondent may file an appeal pursuant 
to § 13.233 of this subpart. If required by 
the decision on appeal, the agency at-
torney shall file a complaint and shall 
serve a copy of the complaint on each 
party not later than 10 days after serv-
ice of the decision on appeal. 

(ii) Motion to dismiss a complaint. A re-

spondent may file a motion to dismiss 
a complaint instead of filing an answer. 
If the motion to dismiss is not granted, 
the respondent shall file an answer and 
shall serve a copy of the answer on 
each party not later than 10 days after 
service of the administrative law 
judge’s ruling or order on the motion 
to dismiss. If the motion to dismiss is 

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