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14 CFR Ch. I (1–1–18 Edition) 

§ 13.220 

(h) Protective orders. A party or a per-

son who has received a request for dis-
covery may file a motion for protective 
order with the administrative law 
judge and shall serve a copy of the mo-
tion for protective order on each party. 
The party or person making the mo-
tion must show that the protective 
order is necessary to protect the party 
or the person from annoyance, embar-
rassment, oppression, or undue burden 
or expense. As part of the protective 
order, the administrative law judge 

(1) Deny the discovery request; 
(2) Order that discovery be conducted 

only on specified terms and conditions, 
including a designation of the time or 
place for discovery or a determination 
of the method of discovery; or 

(3) Limit the scope of discovery or 

preclude any inquiry into certain mat-
ters during discovery. 

(i)  Duty to supplement or amend re-

sponses. A party who has responded to a 
discovery request has a duty to supple-
ment or amend the response, as soon as 
the information is known, as follows: 

(1) A party shall supplement or 

amend any response to a question re-
questing the identity and location of 
any person having knowledge of discov-
erable matters. 

(2) A party shall supplement or 

amend any response to a question re-
questing the identity of each person 
who will be called to testify at the 
hearing as an expert witness and the 
subject matter and substance of that 
witness’ testimony. 

(3) A party shall supplement or 

amend any response that was incorrect 
when made or any response that was 
correct when made but is no longer 
correct, accurate, or complete. 

(j)  Depositions.  The following rules 

apply to depositions taken pursuant to 
this section: 

(1)  Form.  A deposition shall be taken 

on the record and reduced to writing. 
The person being deposed shall sign the 
deposition unless the parties agree to 
waive the requirement of a signature. 

(2) Administration of oaths. Within the 

United States, or a territory or posses-
sion subject to the jurisdiction of the 
United States, a party shall take a dep-
osition before a person authorized to 
administer oaths by the laws of the 

United States or authorized by the law 
of the place where the examination is 
held. In foreign countries, a party shall 
take a deposition in any manner al-
lowed by the Federal Rules of Civil 

(3)  Notice of deposition. A party shall 

serve a notice of deposition, stating the 
time and place of the deposition and 
the name and address of each person to 
be examined, on the person to be de-
posed, on the administrative law judge, 
on the hearing docket clerk, and on 
each party not later than 7 days before 
the deposition. A party may serve a no-
tice of deposition less than 7 days be-
fore the deposition only with consent 
of the administrative law judge. If a 
subpoena duces tecum is to be served on 
the person to be examined, the party 
shall attach a copy of the subpoena 
duces tecum that describes the mate-
rials to be produced at the deposition 
to the notice of deposition. 

(4) Use of depositions. A party may use 

any part or all of a deposition at a 
hearing authorized under this subpart 
only upon a showing of good cause. The 
deposition may be used against any 
party who was present or represented 
at the deposition or who had reason-
able notice of the deposition. 

(k)  Interrogatories.  A party, the par-

ty’s attorney, or the party’s represent-
ative may sign the party’s responses to 
interrogatories. A party shall answer 
each interrogatory separately and com-
pletely in writing. If a party objects to 
an interrogatory, the party shall state 
the objection and the reasons for the 
objection. An opposing party may use 
any part or all of a party’s responses to 
interrogatories at a hearing authorized 
under this subpart to the extent that 
the response is relevant, material, and 
not repetitious. 

(1) A party shall not serve more than 

30 interrogatories to each other party. 
Each subpart of an interrogatory shall 
be counted as a separate interrogatory. 

(2) A party shall file a motion for 

leave to serve additional interrog-
atories on a party with the administra-
tive law judge before serving additional 
interrogatories on a party. The admin-
istrative law judge shall grant the mo-
tion only if the party shows good cause 
for the party’s failure to inquire about 
the information previously and that 

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