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14 CFR Ch. I (1–1–18 Edition) 

§ 13.16 

the delegate of the Attorney General, 
for prosecution. 

(1) The Administrator, through the 

Chief Counsel; the Deputy Chief Coun-
sel for Operations; the Assistant Chief 
Counsel for Enforcement; the Assistant 
Chief Counsel, Europe, Africa, and Mid-
dle East Area Office; the Regional 
Counsel; the Aeronautical Center 
Counsel; or the Technical Center Coun-
sel sends a civil penalty letter to the 
person charged with a violation cited 
in § 13.14(a). The civil penalty letter 
contains a statement of the charges, 
the applicable law, rule, regulation, or 
order, the amount of civil penalty that 
the Administrator will accept in full 
settlement of the action or an offer to 
compromise the civil penalty. 

(2) Not later than 30 days after re-

ceipt of the civil penalty letter, the 
person charged with a violation may 
present any material or information in 
answer to the charges to the agency at-
torney, either orally or in writing, that 
may explain, mitigate, or deny the vio-
lation or that may show extenuating 
circumstances. The Administrator will 
consider any material or information 
submitted in accordance with this 
paragraph to determine whether the 
person is subject to a civil penalty or 
to determine the amount for which the 
Administrator will compromise the ac-

(3) If the person charged with the vio-

lation offers to compromise for a spe-
cific amount, that person must send to 
the agency attorney a certified check 
or money order for that amount, pay-
able to the Federal Aviation Adminis-
tration. The Chief Counsel; the Deputy 
Chief Counsel for Operations; the As-
sistant Chief Counsel for Enforcement; 
the Assistant Chief Counsel, Europe, 
Africa, and Middle East Area Office; 
the Regional Counsel; Aeronautical 
Center Counsel; or the Technical Cen-
ter Counsel may accept the certified 
check or money order or may refuse 
and return the certified check or 
money order. 

(4) If the offer to compromise is ac-

cepted by the Administrator, the agen-
cy attorney will send a letter to the 
person charged with the violation stat-
ing that the certified check or money 
order is accepted in full settlement of 
the civil penalty action. 

(5) If the parties cannot agree to 

compromise the civil penalty action or 
the offer to compromise is rejected and 
the certified check or money order sub-
mitted in compromise is returned, the 
Administrator may refer the civil pen-
alty action to the United States Attor-
ney General, or the delegate of the At-
torney General, to begin proceedings in 
a United States district court, pursu-
ant to the authority in 49 U.S.C. 46305, 
to prosecute and collect the civil pen-

[Amdt. 13–18, 53 FR 34653, Sept. 7, 1988, as 
amended by Amdt. 13–20, 55 FR 15128, Apr. 20, 
1990; Amdt. 13–29, 62 FR 46865, Sept. 4, 1997; 
Amdt. 13–32; 69 FR 59495, Oct. 4, 2004] 

§ 13.16

Civil Penalties: Administrative 

assessment against a person other 
than an individual acting as a pilot, 
flight engineer, mechanic, or re-
pairman. Administrative assess-
ment against all persons for haz-
ardous materials violations. 

(a) The FAA uses these procedures 

when it assesses a civil penalty against 
a person other than an individual act-
ing as a pilot, flight engineer, me-
chanic, or repairman for a violation 
cited in the first sentence of 49 U.S.C. 
46301(d)(2) or in 49 U.S.C. 47531, or any 
implementing rule, regulation or order. 

(b) District court jurisdiction. Notwith-

standing the provisions of paragraph 
(a) of this section, the United States 
district courts have exclusive jurisdic-
tion of any civil penalty action initi-
ated by the FAA for violations de-
scribed in those paragraphs, under 49 
U.S.C. 46301(d)(4), if— 

(1) The amount in controversy is 

more than $50,000 for a violation com-
mitted by any person before December 
12, 2003; 

(2) The amount in controversy is 

more than $400,000 for a violation com-
mitted by a person other than an indi-
vidual or small business concern on or 
after December 12, 2003; 

(3) The amount in controversy is 

more than $50,000 for a violation com-
mitted by an individual or a small 
business concern on or after December 
12, 2003; 

(4) The action is in rem or another 

action in rem based on the same viola-
tion has been brought; 

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