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14 CFR Ch. I (1–1–18 Edition) 

§ 16.3 

by those authorities. Where a grant as-
surance concerns a statute, executive 
order, regulation, or other authority 
that enables a Federal agency other 
than the FAA to investigate, adju-
dicate, and enforce compliance under 
those authorities on its own initiative, 
the FAA may defer to that Federal 

(c)  Other enforcement. If a complaint 

or action initiated by the FAA involves 
a violation of the 49 U.S.C. subtitle VII 
or FAA regulations, except as specified 
in paragraphs (a)(1) and (a)(2) of this 
section, the FAA may take investiga-
tive and enforcement action under 14 
CFR part 13, ‘‘Investigative and En-
forcement Procedures.’’ 

(d) Effective date. This part applies to 

a complaint filed with the FAA and to 
an investigation initiated by the FAA 
on or after December 16, 1996. 

[Doc. No. 27783, 61 FR 54004, Oct. 16, 1996, as 
amended at Amdt. 16–1, 78 FR 56141, Sept. 12, 

§ 16.3


Terms defined in the Acts are used as 

so defined. As used in this part: 

Act  means a statute listed in § 16.1 

and any regulation, agreement, or doc-
ument of conveyance issued or made 
under that statute. 

Administrator  means the Adminis-

trator of the FAA. 

Agency means the FAA. 
Agency attorney means the Deputy 

Chief Counsel; the Assistant Chief 
Counsel and attorneys in the Airports/ 
Environmental Law Division of the Of-
fice of the Chief Counsel; the Assistant 
Chief Counsel and attorneys in an FAA 
region or center who represent the 
FAA during the investigation of a com-
plaint or at a hearing on a complaint, 
and who prosecute on behalf of the 
FAA, as appropriate. An agency attor-
ney shall not include the Chief Coun-
sel; the Assistant Chief Counsel for 
Litigation, or any attorney on the staff 
of the Assistant Chief Counsel for Liti-
gation, who advises the Associate Ad-
ministrator regarding an initial deci-
sion of the hearing officer or any ap-
peal to the Associate Administrator or 
who is supervised in that action by a 
person who provides such advice in an 
action covered by this part. 

Agency employee means any employee 

of the FAA. 

Associate Administrator means the 

FAA Associate Administrator for Air-
ports or a designee. For the purposes of 
this part only, Associate Adminis-
trator also means the Assistant Ad-
ministrator for Civil Rights or a des-
ignee for complaints that the FAA As-
sociate Administrator for Airports 
transfers to the Assistant Adminis-
trator for Civil Rights. 

Complainant  means the person sub-

mitting a complaint. 

Complaint  means a written document 

meeting the requirements of this part 
and filed under this part: 

(1) By a person directly and substan-

tially affected by anything allegedly 
done or omitted to be done by any per-
son in contravention of any provision 
of any Act, as defined in this section, 
as to matters within the jurisdiction of 
the Administrator, or 

(2) By a person under 49 CFR 26.105(c) 

against a recipient of FAA funds al-
leged to have violated a provision of 49 
CFR parts 23 and/or 26. 

Decisional employee means the Admin-

istrator, Deputy Administrator, Asso-
ciate Administrator, Director, hearing 
officer, or other FAA employee who is 
or who may reasonably be expected to 
be involved in the decisional process of 
the proceeding. 

Director  means the Director of the 

FAA Office of Airport Compliance and 
Management Analysis, or a designee. 
For the purposes of this part only, Di-
rector also means the Deputy Assistant 
Administrator for Civil Rights for com-
plaints that the Director of the FAA 
Office of Airport Compliance and Man-
agement Analysis transfers to the Dep-
uty Assistant Administrator for Civil 
Rights or designee. 

Electronic filing means the process of 

sending electronic mail (email) to the 
FAA Part 16 Docket Clerk, with 
scanned documents attached, as a 
Portable Document Format (PDF) file. 

Ex parte communication means an oral 

or written communication not on the 
public record with respect to which 
reasonable prior notice to all parties is 
not given, but it shall not include re-
quests for status reports on any matter 
or proceeding covered by this part, or 

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