14CFR vol2 part60 - 497 pages

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PART
60 - FLIGHT
60.1 Applicability.
60.2 Applicability of sponsor rules to persons who are not s...
60.3 Definitions.
60.4 Qualification Performance Standards.
60.5 Quality management system.
60.7 Sponsor qualification requirements.
60.9 Additional responsibilities of the sponsor.
60.11 FSTD use.
60.13 FSTD objective data requirements.
60.14 Special equipment and personnel requirements for quali...
60.15 Initial qualification requirements.
60.16 Additional qualifications for a currently qualified FS...
60.17 Previously qualified FSTDs.
60.19 Inspection, continuing qualification
60.20 Logging FSTD discrepancies.
60.21 Interim qualification of FSTDs for
60.23 Modifications to FSTDs.
60.25 Operation with missing, malfunctioning, or inoperative...
60.27 Automatic loss of qualification and
...
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Section 60.3
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(b) The QMS program must provide a
(c) Whenever the NSPM finds that
(d) Within 30 days after the sponsor
(b) A situation in which paragraph
(a) of this section would not apply to a
Section 60.3 Definitions.
1 of this chapter, other terms and definitions applicable to...
Section 60.4 Qualification
(a) Appendix A contains the QPS for
(b) Appendix B contains the QPS for
(c) Appendix C contains the QPS for
(d) Appendix D contains the QPS for
(e) Appendix E contains the QPS for
(f) Appendix F contains the QPS for
30, 2006; Amdt. 60-2, 72 FR 59599, Oct. 22, 2007]
Section 60.7 Sponsor
(a) A person is eligible to apply to be
141, or 142 of this chapter; or holds, or
Section 60.5 Quality management system.
...
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Section 60.9
(b) A person is a sponsor if the following conditions are me...
(i) Operations specifications authorizing the use of the spe...
(b)(5) or (b)(6) of this section; or
30, 2008, is used within the sponsor-s
(c) If the use requirements of paragraphs (b)(2) and either ...
(d) In addition to the FSTD described
30, 2006; Amdt. 60-2, 72 FR 59599, Oct. 22, 2007]
Section 60.9 Additional responsibilities of the
(a) The sponsor must allow the
(b) The sponsor must do the following
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Section 60.11
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(c) Each sponsor of an FSTD must
(i) Monitor the on-going qualification
(b) Is qualified as described in the
(c) Remains qualified, through satisfactory inspection, cont...
(d) Functions during day-to-day
(e) Is operated in accordance with the
Section 60.13 FSTD objective data requirements.
(a) Except as provided in paragraph
(b) and (c) of this section, for the purposes of validating ...
(b) The validation data package may
(c) The validation data package may
Section 60.11 FSTD use.
(a) Has a single sponsor who is qualified under Section 60.7...
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Section 60.15
(d) Data or other material or elements must be submitted in ...
(e) The NSPM may require additional
(f) When an FSTD sponsor learns, or
(c) Except for those FSTDs previously qualified and describe...
Section 60.17, each FSTD evaluated for initial
(i) Within 30 days of the publication
Section 60.14 Special equipment and personnel requirements f...
Section 60.15 Initial
(a) For each FSTD, the sponsor must
(b) The management representative
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Section 60.15
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(i) Requests for deviation must be
(d) The pilot(s) who contributes to
(i) The aircraft or set of aircraft
(e) The subjective tests that form the
(f) of this section must be accomplished at the sponsor-s tr...
(f) The person seeking to qualify the
(g) When the FSTD passes an evaluation for initial qualifica...
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Section 60.17
(h) After the NSPM completes the
(i) Upon issuance of the Statement of
(b) In making the determinations described in paragraph (a)(...
(c) The FSTD is qualified for the additional uses when the N...
(d) The sponsor may not modify the
Section 60.17 Previously qualified FSTDs.
(a) Unless otherwise specified by an
(b) For each FSTD qualified before
(c) If the FSTD qualification is lost
(i) Restored under Section 60.27 in less than
30, 2006, as amended by Docket FAA-2014-
0391, Amdt. 60-4, 81 FR 18217, Mar. 30, 2016]
Section 60.16 Additional qualifications for a
(a) A currently qualified FSTD is required to undergo an add...
(i) Must submit to the NSPM all
Section 60.15(c) that a pilot, designated by the
(i) Consisting of all the elements of
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Section 60.19
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(d) Except as provided in paragraph
(e) of this section, any change in FSTD
(e) A sponsor may request that an
(f) When the sponsor has appropriate
(c) Maintenance. The sponsor is responsible for continuing c...
(i) A description of each discrepancy
30, 2006; Amdt. 60-2, 72 FR 59599, Oct. 22, 2007,
60-4, 81 FR 18218, Mar. 30, 2016]
Section 60.19 Inspection, continuing qualification evaluatio...
(a) Inspection. No sponsor may use or
(b) Continuing qualification evaluation.
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Section 60.23
(d) An FSTD with interim qualification may be modified only ...
30, 2006, as amended by Docket FAA-2014-
0391, Amdt. 60-4, 81 FR 18218, Mar. 30, 2016]
Section 60.23
(a) Description of a modification. For
(b) FSTD Directive. When the FAA determines that FSTD modifi...
(c) Using the modified FSTD. The sponsor may not use, or all...
(i) Twenty-one days have passed
Section 60.20 Logging FSTD discrepancies.
Section 60.21 Interim qualification of FSTDs
(a) A sponsor may apply for and the
(b) An FSTD that has been issued interim qualification is de...
(c) Within twelve months of the release of the final aircraf...
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Section 60.25
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(d) User notification. When a modification is made to an FST...
(e) MQTG update. The MQTG must be
(i) and appropriate objective data in
(b) Each MMI component as described in paragraph (a) of this...
(c) A list of the current MMI components must be readily ava...
Section 60.27 Automatic loss of qualification
(a) An FSTD qualification is automatically lost when any of ...
(b)(6) and the sponsor does not obtain
(b) If FSTD qualification is lost
(i) For initial qualification, in accordance with SectionSec...
30, 2006, as amended by Docket FAA-2014-
0391, Amdt. 60-4, 81 FR 18218, Mar. 30, 2016]
Section 60.25 Operation with missing, malfunctioning, or ino...
(a) No person may knowingly use or
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Section 60.29
(c) In making the determinations described in paragraph (b) ...
(c) If the NSPM find that an emergency exists requiring imme...
(d) FSTD qualification lost under
(e) In making the determinations described in paragraph (d) ...
Section 60.29 Other losses of qualification
(a) Except as provided in paragraph
(c) of this section, when the NSPM determines that the FSTD ...
(i) The NSPM finds under paragraph
(c) of this section that there is an
(b) When a sponsor seeks reconsideration of a decision from ...
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Section 60.31
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(b) The commission by any person of
(c) The following may serve as a basis
Section 60.31 Recordkeeping and reporting.
(a) The FSTD sponsor must maintain
(i) Results of the qualification evaluations (initial and ea...
(i) A list of the components or equipment that were or are m...
(b) The records specified in this section must be maintained...
Section 60.35 Specific full flight simulator
(a) No device will be eligible for initial or upgrade qualif...
(b) No device will be eligible for initial or upgrade qualif...
Section 60.33 Applications, logbooks, reports,
(a) No person may make, or cause to
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12. Additional Qualifications for a Currently
13. Previously Qualified FFSs (Section 60.17).
14. Inspection, Continuing Qualification
15. Logging FFS Discrepancies (Section 60.20).
16. Interim Qualification of FFSs for New
17. Modifications to FFSs (Section 60.23).
18. Operations With Missing, Malfunctioning,
19. Automatic Loss of Qualification and Procedures for Resto...
20. Other Losses of Qualification and Procedures for Restora...
21. Record Keeping and Reporting (Section 60.31).
22. Applications, Logbooks, Reports, and
23. Specific FFS Compliance Requirements
24. [Reserved]
25. FFS Qualification on the Basis of a Bilateral Aviation S...
Section 60.37 FSTD qualification on the basis
(a) The evaluation and qualification
(b) The SIP must contain any conditions and limitations on v...
1. INTRODUCTION
1. Introduction.
2. Applicability (SectionSection 60.1 and 60.2).
3. Definitions (Section 60.3).
...
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14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
b. Questions regarding the contents of this
30320. Telephone contact numbers for the
5656. The NSP Internet Web site address is:
c. The NSPM encourages the use of electronic media for all c...
d. Related Reading References.
2. APPLICABILITY (SectionSection 60.1 AND 60.2)
Section 60.2, Applicability of sponsor rules to persons who ...
3. DEFINITIONS (Section 60.3)
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2008, will be required to undergo an initial or
Section 60.15. Once the initial or upgrade evaluation
(b) There is no minimum number of hours
(c) The identification of the specific FFS
(a) A sponsor sponsors an additional number of FFSs, in its ...
(i) Used by the sponsor in the sponsor-s
Section 60.7(d)(1));
(b) No minimum number of hours of FFS
(a) A sponsor in New York (in this example, a Part 142 certi...
(b) The satellite function means that the
(c) All of the FFSs in the Chicago and Moscow centers could ...
(i) Each FFS in the Chicago center and
4. QUALIFICATION PERFORMANCE STANDARDS
5. QUALITY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (Section 60.5)
6. SPONSOR QUALIFICATION REQUIREMENTS
a. The intent of the language in Section 60.7(b) is
b. The following examples describe acceptable operational pr...
(a) A sponsor is sponsoring a single, specific FFS for its o...
(i) If the FFS was qualified prior to May 30,
2008, the 12-month period begins on the date
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...
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14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
Section 60.7(d)(1));
Section 60.7(d)(2)).
b. The data, regardless of source, must be
c. After completion of any additional flight
d. As required by Section 60.13(f), the sponsor
(a) The schedule to incorporate this data
(b) The reason for not incorporating this
e. In those cases where the objective test
7. ADDITIONAL RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE
Section 60.9(a) means without unnecessarily disrupting or de...
8. FFS USE (Section 60.11)
9. FFS OBJECTIVE DATA REQUIREMENTS
a. Flight test data used to validate FFS
(a) The maneuvers and procedures required
(b) For each maneuver or procedure - 
(i) The procedures and control input the
(v) The data to be gathered.
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10. SPECIAL EQUIPMENT AND PERSONNEL RE
f. The FFS sponsor is encouraged to maintain a liaison with ...
g. It is the intent of the NSPM that for
h. There is no requirement for any flight
i. The NSPM will consider, on a case-bycase basis, whether t...
a. In the event that the NSPM determines
b. Examples of a special evaluation include
11. INITIAL (AND UPGRADE) QUALIFICATION
a. In order to be qualified at a particular
b. The request described in Section 60.15(a) must
Section 60.15(b) in such time as to be received no
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14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(a) Objective data obtained from traditional aircraft testin...
(b) Correlating objective test results obtained from the per...
(c) The result of FFS subjective tests prescribed in the app...
(d) A description of the equipment necessary to perform the ...
c. The QTG described in paragraph (a)(3) of
d. The QTG is prepared and submitted by
e. The QTG described in paragraphs (a)(3)
(a) The sponsor-s FFS identification number or code.
(b) The airplane model and series being
(c) The aerodynamic data revision number
(d) The source of the basic aerodynamic
(e) The engine model(s) and its data revision number or refe...
(f) The flight control data revision number
(g) The flight management system identification and revision...
(h) The FFS model and manufacturer.
(i) The date of FFS manufacture.
(j) The FFS computer identification.
(k) The visual system model and manufacturer, including disp...
(l) The motion system type and manufacturer, including degre...
(a) Name of the test.
...
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h. The sponsor may elect to complete the
i. The sponsor must maintain a copy of the
j. All FFSs for which the initial qualification is conducted...
k. All other FFSs not covered in subparagraph  - j -  must h...
l. During the initial (or upgrade) qualification evaluation ...
m. Only those FFSs that are sponsored by
n. The NSPM will conduct an evaluation
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14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
o. The NSPM administers the objective and
(a) Evaluating the capability of the FFS to
(b) Determining that the FFS satisfactorily simulates each r...
(c) Verifying correct operation of the FFS
(d) Demonstrating compliance with the requirements of this p...
p. The tolerances for the test parameters
q. In addition to the scheduled continuing
r. Problems with objective test results are
s. After an FFS is successfully evaluated,
t. Under normal circumstances, the NSPM
u. The numbering system used for objective test results in t...
v. Contact the NSPM or visit the NSPM
w. Examples of the exclusions for which
12. ADDITIONAL QUALIFICATIONS FOR A
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13. PREVIOUSLY QUALIFIED FFSS (Section 60.17)
6 years, is to have the availability of that
h. Downgrading of an FFS is a permanent
i. The NSPM will determine the evaluation
j. The FFS will normally be requalified
a. In instances where a sponsor plans to remove an FFS from ...
b. Simulators qualified prior to May 31,
2016, are not required to meet the general
c. After May 30, 2009, each visual scene or
d. Simulators qualified prior to May 31,
2016, may be updated. If an evaluation is
e. Other certificate holders or persons desiring to use an F...
f. Each FFS user must obtain approval
g. The intent of the requirement listed in
Section 60.17(b), for each FFS to have a SOQ within
14. INSPECTION, CONTINUING QUALIFICATION
a. The sponsor must conduct a minimum of
b. The description of the functional preflight check must be...
c. Record  - functional preflight -  in the
d. During the continuing qualification
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...
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14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
e. The NSPM will conduct continuing qualification evaluation...
15. LOGGING FFS DISCREPANCIES (Section 60.20)
f. The sponsor-s test sequence and the content of each quart...
Section 60.19(a)(1) should include a balance and a
g. If the NSP evaluator plans to accomplish specific tests d...
h. The continuing qualification evaluations, described in Se...
16. INTERIM QUALIFICATION OF FFSS FOR NEW
17. MODIFICATIONS TO FFSS (Section 60.23)
a. The notification described in Section 60.23(c)(2)
b. Prior to using the modified FFS:
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20. OTHER LOSSES OF QUALIFICATION AND PRO
18.
a. The sponsor-s responsibility with respect
b. It is the responsibility of the instructor,
c. If the 29th or 30th day of the 30-day period described in...
d. In accordance with the authorization described in Section...
21. RECORDKEEPING AND REPORTING (Section 60.31)
a. FFS modifications can include hardware
b. If a coded form for record keeping is
22. APPLICATIONS, LOGBOOKS, REPORTS, AND
19. AUTOMATIC LOSS OF QUALIFICATION AND
23. SPECIFIC FFS COMPLIANCE REQUIREMENTS
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14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
24. [RESERVED]
b. The material contained in this attachment is divided into...
c. Table A1A provides the standards for the
d. Table A1B provides the tasks that the
e. Table A1C provides the functions that an
f. It is not required that all of the tasks
25. FFS QUALIFICATION ON THE BASIS OF A BILATERAL AVIATION S...
1. REQUIREMENTS
a. Certain requirements included in this
b. Table A1A describes the requirements
2. DISCUSSION
a. This attachment describes the general
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14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
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14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
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1. Preflight Procedures
1.a. ...........
1.b. ...........
1.c. ...........
1.d. ...........
2. Takeoff and Departure Phase
2.a. ...........
2.b. ...........
2.c. ...........
2.d. ...........
2.e. ...........
3.b.1 .........
3.b.2 .........
3.c. ...........
3.d. ...........
3.e. ...........
3.f. ............
3.g. ...........
3. Inflight Maneuvers
3.a. ...........
3.b. High
...
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14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
4.b. ...........
4.c. ...........
4.c.1. ........
e.g., Autopilot, Manual (Flt.
4.c.2. ........
e.g., Manual (Flt. Dir. Assisted), Manual (Raw Data).
4.d. ...........
e.g., NDB, VOR, VOR/DME,
4.e. ...........
4.f. ............
4.f.1. .........
4.f.2. .........
5. Landings and Approaches to Landings
5.a. ...........
5.b. ...........
5.c. ...........
5.d. ...........
5.e. ...........
5.f. ............
6. Normal and Abnormal Procedures
...
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7.b. ...........
7.c. ...........
7.d. ...........
8. Postflight Procedures
8.a. ...........
8.b. ...........
1. Instructor Operating Station (IOS), as appropriate
1.a. ...........
1.b. ...........
e.g., GW, CG, Fuel loading
1.c. ...........
e.g., Selection, Surface,
1.d. ...........
e.g., Clouds, Visibility, RVR,
1.e. ...........
1.f. ............
2. Sound Controls
2.a. ...........
3. Motion/Control Loading System
3.a. ...........
4. Observer Seats/Stations
...
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14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
c. The reader is encouraged to review the
d. If relevant winds are present in the objective data, the ...
5. ....................
6. ....................
7. ....................
8. ....................
9. ....................
10. ..................
11. ..................
12. ..................
13. ..................
14. ..................
15. ..................
16. ..................
17. ..................
2. TEST REQUIREMENTS
a. The ground and flight tests required for
Section 60.13 and in this appendix. Although use of
b. Table A2A in this attachment sets out
1. INTRODUCTION
...
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c. Certain tests included in this attachment must be support...
d. When operational or engineering judgment is used in makin...
e. It is not acceptable to program the FFS
f. When comparing the parameters listed to
g. The QTG provided by the sponsor must
h. For previously qualified simulators, the
i. Simulators are evaluated and qualified
j. For testing Computer Controlled Aircraft (CCA) simulators...
k. Tests of handling qualities must include
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14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
l. Some tests will not be required for airplanes using airpl...
m. For objective test purposes, see Appendix F of this part ...
n. In those cases where the objective test
o. For references on basic operating
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3. GENERAL
a. If relevant winds are present in the objective data, the ...
b. The reader is encouraged to review the
4. CONTROL DYNAMICS
a. General. The characteristics of an airplane flight contro...
b. Control Dynamics Evaluation. The dynamic properties of co...
(a) Underdamped response. Two measurements are required for ...
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(b) Critically damped and overdamped response. Due to the na...
(c) Special considerations. Control systems
(a) The following table summarizes the tolerances, T, for un...
c. Alternative method for control dynamics evaluation.
(a) Static test - Slowly move the control so
(b) Slow dynamic test - Achieve a full
(c) Fast dynamic test - Achieve a full
(d) Tolerances
(i) Static test; see Table A2A, FFS Objective Tests, Entries...
(b) The following tolerance applies to critically damped and...
d. The FAA is open to alternative means
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150% of wingspan).
c. The lateral-directional characteristics
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5. GROUND EFFECT
a. For an FFS to be used for take-off and
b. The NSPM will consider the merits of
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6. MOTION SYSTEM
a. General.
b. Motion System Checks. The intent of
c. Motion System Repeatability. The intent of this test is t...
(a) Actual platform linear accelerations;
(b) Motion actuators position.
d. Objective Motion Cueing Test - Frequency Domain
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e. Motion Vibrations.
10Section3 g-rms2/Hz would describe a heavy buffet
7. SOUND SYSTEM
a. General. The total sound environment in
b. Alternate propulsion. For FFS with
c. Data and Data Collection System.
(a) The specifications for octave, half octave, and third oc...
(b) Measurement microphones should be
1094-4-1995.
(a) Background noise is the noise in the
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(b) The acceptability of the background
(i) 70 dB @ 50 Hz;
(a) Variation of data between tail numbers;
(b) Frequency response of microphones;
(c) Repeatability of the measurements.
50 .....................
63 .....................
80 .....................
100 ...................
125 ...................
160 ...................
200 ...................
250 ...................
315 ...................
400 ...................
500 ...................
630 ...................
800 ...................
1000 .................
1250 .................
1600 .................
...
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e. The preliminary data should be the manufacturer-s best re...
f. The use of preliminary data is not indefinite. The airpla...
g. Flight simulator avionics should stay
h. The following describes an example of
(a) Propulsion;
(b) Aerodynamics;
(c) Mass properties;
(d) Flight controls;
(e) Stability augmentation; and
(f) Brakes/landing gear.
i. A qualified test pilot should be used to
9. ENGINEERING SIMULATOR - VALIDATION
a. When a fully validated simulation (i.e.,
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b. Airplane manufacturers or other acceptable data suppliers...
c. To be qualified to supply engineering
(a) Develop and implement high fidelity
(b) Predict the handling and performance
(a) Is a physical entity, complete with a
(b) Has controls sufficient for manual
(c) Has models that run in an integrated
(d) Has fully flight-test validated simulation models as the...
(e) Has an out-of-the-flight deck visual system;
(f) Has actual avionics boxes interchangeable with the equiv...
(g) Uses the same models as released to the
(h) Is used to support airplane development
(i) Has been found to be a high fidelity representation of t...
d. Additional Requirements for Validation
(a) Comprised of the engineering predictions derived from th...
(b) Based on acceptable aeronautical principles with proven ...
(c) Verified with existing flight-test data;
(d) Applicable to the configuration of a
10. [RESERVED]
11. VALIDATION TEST TOLERANCES
a. Non-Flight-Test Tolerances
...
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(a) Hardware (avionics units and flight
(b) Iteration rates;
(c) Execution order;
(d) Integration methods;
(e) Processor architecture;
(f) Digital drift, including:
(i) Interpolation methods;
(a) Flight-test data are often not available
(b) Alternative technical solutions are
(c) High costs.
12. VALIDATION DATA ROADMAP
a. Airplane manufacturers or other data
b. The VDR should identify (in matrix format) sources of dat...
c. The Sample Validation Data Roadmap
d. Two examples of rationale pages are presented in Appendix...
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13. ACCEPTANCE GUIDELINES FOR ALTERNATIVE
a. Background
b. Approval Guidelines For Validating
c. Test Requirements
(a) the engine type is the same, but the
(b) the engine type is the same, but the
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1.b.2. .................................
1.b.5. .................................
1.b.8. .................................
1.b.1., 1.b.4. ......................
1.b.7. ................................. Rejected take-off i...
1.d.1. ................................. Cruise performance
1.f.1., 1.f.2. ........................ Engine acceleration ...
2.a.7. ................................. Throttle calibratio...
2.c.1. ................................. Power change dynami...
2.d.1. ................................. Vmca if performed f...
2.d.5. ................................. Engine inoperative ...
2.e.1. ................................. Normal landing
1 Must be provided for all changes in engine type or thrust ...
2 See paragraphs 13.c.(1) through 13.c.(3), for a definition...
14. ACCEPTANCE GUIDELINES FOR ALTERNATIVE
a. Background
b. Approval Guidelines for Validating
(a) For changes to an avionics system or
(b) For an avionics change to a contributory system, where a...
(c) For an avionics change to a contributory system, the QTG...
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...
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(d) For an avionics change to a contributory system that sig...
15. TRANSPORT DELAY TESTING
a. This paragraph explains how to determine the introduced t...
b. Four specific examples of transport
c. Figure A2C illustrates the total transport delay for a no...
d. Figure A2D illustrates the transport
e. To obtain the induced transport delay
f. Introduced transport delay is measured
g. The control input may also be introduced after the airpla...
h. Figure A2E illustrates the transport
i. It is not possible to measure the introduced transport de...
j. Special measurements for instrument
k. Recorded signals. The signals recorded
l. Interpretation of results. Flight simulator results vary ...
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m. The transport delay test should account
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a. Background
b. Continuing Qualification Evaluation Test
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16. CONTINUING QUALIFICATION EVALUATIONS - 
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17.
a. Sponsors are not required to use the alternative data sou...
b. It has become standard practice for experienced simulator...
c. Based on this history of successful comparisons, the NSPM...
d. The information in Table A2E (Alternative Data Sources, P...
e. The NSPM position regarding the use of
f. The sponsor is urged to contact the
g. Utilization of these alternate data
h. The term  - inertial measurement system -  is used in the...
i. Synchronized video for the use of alternative data source...
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9 of
1.a.1. Performance. Taxi. Minimum Radius turn.
1.a.2. Performance. Taxi Rate
1.b.1. Performance. Takeoff.
1.b.2. Performance. Takeoff.
1.b.3. Performance. Takeoff.
1.b.4. Performance. Takeoff.
1.b.5. Performance. Takeoff.
1.b.6. Performance. Takeoff.
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9 of
1.b.7. Performance. Takeoff.
1.c. 1. Performance. Climb. Normal Climb all engines operati...
1.c.2. Performance. Climb. One
1.c.4. Performance. Climb. One
1.d.1. Cruise/Descent. Level
1.d.2. Cruise/Descent. Level
1.d.4. Cruise/Descent. Idle descent.
1.d.5. Cruise/Descent. Emergency Descent.
1.e.1. Performance. Stopping.
1.e.2. Performance. Ground.
1.f.1. Performance. Engines.
1.f.2. Performance. Engines.
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2.a.1.a. Handling Qualities. Static Control Checks. Pitch Co...
2.a.2.a. Handling Qualities. Static Control Checks. Roll Con...
2.a.3.a. Handling Qualities. Static Control Checks. Rudder
2.a.4. Handling Qualities. Static
2.a.5. Handling Qualities. Static
2.a.6. Handling Qualities. Static
2.a.7. Handling qualities. Static
2.a.8. Handling Qualities. Static
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9 of
2.a.9. Handling qualities. Static
2.c.1. Handling qualities. Longitudinal control tests. Power
2.c.2. Handling qualities. Longitudinal control tests. Flap/...
2.c.3. Handling qualities. Longitudinal control tests. Spoil...
2.c.4. Handling qualities. Longitudinal control tests. Gear
2.c.5. Handling qualities. Longitudinal control tests. Longi...
2.c.6. Handling qualities. Longitudinal control tests. Longi...
2.c.7. Handling qualities. Longitudinal control tests. Longi...
2.c.8. Handling qualities. Longitudinal control tests. Stall
2.c.9. Handling qualities. Longitudinal control tests. Phugo...
2.c.10. Handling qualities. Longitudinal control tests. Shor...
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2.d.1. Handling qualities. Lateral
2.d.2. Handling qualities. Lateral
2.d.3. Handling qualities. Lateral
2.d.4. Handling qualities. Lateral
2.d.5. Handling qualities. Lateral
2.d.6. Handling qualities. Lateral
2.d.7. Handling qualities. Lateral
2.d.8. Handling qualities. Lateral
2.e.1. Handling qualities. Landings. Normal landing.
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2.e.3. Handling qualities. Landings. Crosswind landing.
2.e.4. Handling qualities. Landings. One engine inoperative
2.e.6. Handling qualities. Landings. All engines operating,
2.e.7. Handling qualities. Landings. One engine inoperative
2.e.8. Handling qualities. Landings. Directional control (ru...
2.e.9. Handling qualities. Landings. Directional control (ru...
2.f. Handling qualities. Ground
2.e.5. Handling qualities. Landings. Autopilot landing (if a...
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1. REQUIREMENTS
a. Except for special use airport models,
b. If fictional airports are used, the sponsor
c. When the simulator is being used by an
d. When a person sponsors an FFS maintained by a person othe...
60 criteria, including the airport models that
e. Neither Class II nor Class III airport visual models are ...
f. When an airport model represents a real
g. If a sponsor desires an extension to the
2. DISCUSSION
a. The subjective tests provide a basis for
b. The tests in Table A3A, Operations
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c. The tests in Table A3A, Operations
d. All simulated airplane systems functions will be assessed...
e. Simulators demonstrating a satisfactory
f. At the request of the TPAA, the NSPM
g. The FAA intends to allow the use of
h. The TPAA may accept Class III airport
(a) Training, testing, or checking on very
(b) Instrument operations training (including instrument tak...
(i) A specific model that has been geographically  - moved -...
i. Previously qualified simulators with certain early genera...
(a) Link NVS and DNVS.
(b) Novoview 2500 and 6000.
(c) FlightSafety VITAL series up to, and
(d) Redifusion SP1, SP1T, and SP2.
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(a) FlightSafety VITAL IV.
(b) Redifusion SP3 and SP3T.
(c) Link-Miles Image II.
(a) Redifusion SP1.
(b) FlightSafety Vital IV.
(c) Link-Miles Image II and Image IIT
(d) XKD displays (even though the XKD
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1. ....................
1.a. ..........
2. ....................
2.a. ..........
2.c. ..........
2.d. ..........
2.e. ..........
2.f. ...........
2.g. ..........
3.a. ..........
3.a.1.
3.a.2.
3.a.3.
3.a.4.
3.a.5.
3.a.6.
3.b. ..........
3.b.1.
3.b.2.
3.b.3.
...
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3.b.5.
3.b.6.
3.b.7.
3.b.8.
3.c.2.
3.c.3.
3.c.4.
3.c. ..........
3.c.1.
3.d. ..........
3.d.2.
3.d.3.
4. ....................
4.a. ..........
4.b. ..........
5.a. .............
5.b. ..........
5.c. ..........
5.d. ..........
6. ....................
6.a. ..........
...
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8. ....................
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1. ...............
2. ...............
3. ...............
4. ...............
5. ...............
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1. ...............
2. ...............
2.b. ....
2.c. .....
3.a. ....
3.b. ....
3.c. .....
3.d. ....
3.e. ....
4. ...............
4.a .....
4.b. ....
4.c. .....
4.d. ....
4.e. ....
4.f. .....
4.g. ....
5. ...............
6. ...............
6.a. ....
6.b. ....
...
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14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
1. INTRODUCTION
a. The following is an example test schedule for an Initial/...
b. Functions and subjective tests should be
c. A detailed understanding of the training
2. EVENTS
a. Initial Conditions
b. Initial Checks
(a) Simulator Acceptance Test Manuals.
(b) Simulator Approval Test Guide.
(c) Technical Logbook Open Item List.
(d) Daily Functional Pre-flight Check.
(a) Simulator Operating/Instructor Manual.
(b) Difference List (Aircraft/Simulator).
(c) Flight Crew Operating Manuals.
(d) Performance Data for Different Fields.
(e) Crew Training Manual.
(f) Normal/Abnormal/Emergency Checklists.
(a) Appearance and Cleanliness.
(b) Stairway/Access Bridge.
(c) Emergency Rope Ladders.
...
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g. Visual Scene - Ground Assessment. Select 3
(a) Daylight, Dusk, Night Scene Controls.
(b) Flight deck  - Daylight -  ambient lighting.
(c) Environment Light Controls.
(d) Runway Light Controls.
(e) Taxiway Light Controls.
(a) Ramp area for buildings, gates,
(b) Daylight shadows, night time light
(c) Taxiways for correct markings, taxiway/runway, marker bo...
(d) Runways for correct markings, lead-off
(e) Airport environment for correct terrain
(f) Visual scene quantization (aliasing),
(a) Low cloud scene.
(i) Rain:
(b) Lightning/thunder.
(c) Snow/ice runway surface scene.
(d) Fog.
h. Takeoff. Select one or several of the following test case...
(a) Autobrake function.
(b) Anti-skid operation.
(c) Motion/visual effects during deceleration.
...
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(d) Envelope limiting functions on Computer Controlled Aircr...
(e) High Speed buffet increases with G
(f) Speedbrake indications.
(g) Symmetrical deployment.
(h) Airframe buffet.
(i) Aircraft response hands off.
(a) Aircraft dynamics.
(b) Simulator motion effects.
(c) Damped aircraft dynamics.
l. Descent. Select one of the following test
m. Medium Altitude Checks. Select one or
(a) System displays/operation satisfactory.
(b) Handling characteristics satisfactory.
(c) Stall and Stick shaker speed.
(d) Buffet characteristics and onset speed.
(e) Envelope limiting functions on Computer Controlled Aircr...
(f) Handling characteristics satisfactory.
(a) Stick force required, satisfactory.
(b) Wheel requirement to maintain bank
(c) Slip ball response, satisfactory.
...
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(a) Aircraft handling.
(b) Radio Aids and instruments.
(c) Airport model content and cues.
(d) Motion cues.
(e) Sound cues.
(a) Aircraft handling.
(b) Radio Aids and instruments.
(c) Airport model content and cues.
(d) Motion cues.
(e) Sound cues.
(a) Aircraft handling.
(b) Radio Aids and instruments.
(c) Airport model content and cues.
(d) Motion cues.
(e) Sound cues.
(a) Aircraft handling.
(b) Radio Aids and instruments.
(c) Airport model content and cues.
(d) Motion cues.
(e) Sound cues.
(a) Controllable during windshear encounter.
...
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(b) Parking brake operation satisfactory.
q. Crash Function.
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(b) Visual cues during flare to assess Depth
(c) Flight deck height above ground.
(a) Visual model satisfactory.
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14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
1. APPLICABILITY
a. The sponsor must submit an SOC confirming that the aerody...
3. MODELS
a. Provide cues necessary for recognizing
b. Be adjustable in intensity (or other parameter to achieve...
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2. STATEMENT OF COMPLIANCE AND CAPABILITY
b. For simulators without windshear warning, caution, or gui...
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c. Be available for use in the FAA-approved
4. DEMONSTRATIONS
a. The sponsor must identify one survivable takeoff windshea...
b. In each of these four situations, at an
c. These recordings are made without inserting programmed ra...
d. The definition of the models and the results of the demon...
5. RECORDING PARAMETERS
a. In each of the four MQTG cases, an electronic recording (...
b. These recordings must be initiated at
6. EQUIPMENT INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
7. QUALIFICATION TEST GUIDE
a. All QTG material must be forwarded to
b. A simulator windshear evaluation will
c. During the on-site evaluation, the evaluator will ask the...
d. QTGs for new (or MQTGs for upgraded)
5 of this attachment.
8. SUBJECTIVE EVALUATION
a. One scenario will include parameters
b. One scenario will include parameters
c. Other scenarios may be examined at the
9. QUALIFICATION BASIS
...
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10. DEMONSTRATION REPEATABILITY
1. Part 60 requires that each FSTD be:
a. Sponsored by a person holding or applying for an FAA oper...
b. Evaluated and issued an SOQ for a specific FSTD level.
2. FFSs also require the installation of a
3. To prevent this from occurring in the future, by May 30, ...
4. These references describe the requirements for visual sce...
5. For circling approaches, all requirements of this section...
6. The details in these models must be developed using airpo...
a. Visual systems not required to have runway numbers as a p...
b. Visual systems required to display runway numbers only fo...
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c. Visual systems not required to have accurate taxiway edge...
7. A copy of this Directive must be filed in
a. Recognition of and Recovery from a Full
b. Upset Prevention and Recovery
c. Engine and Airframe Icing
d. Takeoff and Landing with Gusting Crosswinds
e. Recovery from a Bounced Landing
20636, Atlanta, GA 30320; telephone (404) 474-
5620; email larry.e.mcdonald@faa.gov.
1. Part 60 requires that each FSTD be:
a. Sponsored by a person holding or applying for an FAA oper...
b. Evaluated and issued a Statement of
2. The evaluation criteria contained in this
3. The requirements described in this Directive define addit...
a. Section I - Additional Qualification Requirements for Ful...
b. Section II - Additional Qualification Requirements for Up...
c. Section III - Additional Qualification Requirements for E...
d. Section IV - Additional Qualification Requirements for Ta...
e. Section V - Additional Qualification Requirements for Bou...
4. A copy of this Directive (along with all
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...
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1. This section applies to previously qualified Level C and ...
2. The evaluation requirements in this Directive are intende...
3. After March 12, 2019, any FSTD being
a. Table A1A, General Requirements, Section
2.m. (High Angle of Attack Modeling)
b. Table A1A, General Requirements, Section
3.f. (Stick Pusher System) [where applicable]
c. Table A2A, Objective Testing Requirements, Test 2.a.10 (S...
d. Table A2A, Objective Testing Requirements, Test 2.c.8.a (...
e. Table A2A, Objective Testing Requirements, Test 3.f.5 (Ch...
f. Table A3A, Functions and Subjective Testing Requirements,...
g. Attachment 7, Additional Simulator Qualification Requirem...
4. For FSTDs initially qualified before May
31, 2016, including FSTDs that are initially
a. Objective testing for stall characteristics
b. Where existing flight test validation data
c. Objective testing for characteristic motion vibrations (S...
d. As described in Attachment 7 of this Appendix, the FAA ma...
5. Where qualification is being sought to
a. A description of any modifications to the
...
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1. This section applies to previously qualified FSTDs being ...
2.n. of this part. Additionally, FSTDs being
2. The requirements contained in this section are intended t...
3. This Directive contains additional subjective testing tha...
4. After March 12, 2019, any FSTD being
a. Table A1A, General Requirements, Section
2.n. (Upset Prevention and Recovery)
b. Table A3A, Functions and Subjective Testing, Test 5.b.3. ...
c. Attachment 7, Additional Simulator Qualification Requirem...
5. Where qualification is being sought to
a. A description of any modifications to the
b. Statement of Compliance (FSTD Validation Envelope) - See ...
2.n. and Attachment 7
c. A confirmation statement that the modified FSTD has been ...
Section 60.16(a)(1)(iii).
6. The NSPM will review each submission
1. This section applies to previously qualified Level C and ...
2. The requirements in this section are intended to supersed...
3. This Directive contains additional subjective testing tha...
4. After March 12, 2019, any FSTD being
a. Table A1A, General Requirements, Section
...
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b. Attachment 7, Additional Simulator Qualification Requirem...
2, and 3). Objective demonstration tests of
5. Where continued qualification is being
a. A description of any modifications to the
b. Statement of Compliance (Ice Accretion
c. A confirmation statement that the modified FSTD has been ...
Section 60.16(a)(1)(iii).
6. The NSPM will review each submission
1. This section applies to previously qualified FSTDs that w...
2. The requirements in this section introduce new minimum si...
3. After March 12, 2019, any FSTD that is
a. Table A1A, General Requirements, Section
2.d.3. (Ground Handling Characteristics);
b. Table A3A, Functions and Subjective Testing Requirements,...
c. Table A3A, Functions and Subjective Testing Requirements,...
4. Where qualification is being sought to
a. A description of any modifications to the
b. Statement of Compliance (Gusting Crosswind Profiles) - Se...
2.d.3.
c. A confirmation statement that the modified FSTD has been ...
...
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a. Table A1A, General Requirements, Section
2.d.2. (Ground Reaction Characteristics)
b. Table A3A, Functions and Subjective Testing Requirements,...
4. Where qualification is being sought to
a. A description of any modifications to the
b. A confirmation statement that the modified FSTD has been ...
Section 60.16(a)(1)(iii).
5. The NSPM will review each submission
1. Applicability: This attachment applies
2. General Requirements: The requirements for high angle of ...
3. Fidelity Requirements: The requirements defined for the e...
a. Airplane type specific recognition cues of
b. Airplane type specific recognition cues of
c. Recognition cues and handling qualities
4. Statement of Compliance (Aerodynamic
a. Source Data and Modeling Methods: The
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b. Validity Range: The FSTD sponsor must
i. No further increase in pitch occurs when
c. Model Characteristics: Within the declared
i. Degradation in static/dynamic lateral-directional stabili...
v. Changes in pitch stability;
5. Statement of Compliance (Subject Matter Expert Pilot Eval...
a. Has held a type rating/qualification in the
b. Has direct experience in conducting stall
c. Where the SME-s stall experience is on an
d. Must be familiar with the intended stall
a. An assessment of pilot availability that
b. Alternative methods to subjectively
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Section 2.n.)
1. Applicability: This attachment applies
a. Pitch attitude greater than 25 degrees
b. Pitch attitude greater than 10 degrees
c. Bank angles greater than 45 degrees; and
d. Within the above parameters, but flying at
2. General Requirements: The general requirement for UPRT qu...
a. FSTD Training Envelope: Valid UPRT
b. Instructor Feedback: Provides the instructor/evaluator wi...
c. Upset Scenarios: Where dynamic upset
3. FSTD Validation Envelope: For the purposes of this attach...
a. Flight test validated region: This is the
b. Wind tunnel and/or analytical region: This
c. Extrapolated: This is the region extrapolated beyond the ...
4. Instructor Feedback Mechanism: For the
a. FSTD Validation Envelope: The FSTD
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b. Flight Control Inputs: The FSTD must
c. Aircraft Operational Limits: The FSTD
i. Airspeed and airspeed limits, including the
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1. Applicability: This section applies to all
2. General Requirements: The qualification
a. Ice accretion models must be developed
b. Ice accretion models must be developed
c. At least one qualified ice accretion
3. Statement of Compliance: The SOC as
a. A description of expected aircraft specific recognition c...
b. A description of the data sources utilized to develop the...
4. Objective Demonstration Testing: The
a. Recorded Parameters: In each of the two
i. Altitude;
v. Angle of Attack/Pitch attitude;
b. Demonstration maneuver: The FSTD sponsor must select an i...
i. Decrease in stall angle of attack;
v. Changes in stall buffet characteristics;
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2008, as amended by Docket FAA-2014-0391,
18300, and 18303, Mar. 30, 2016; 81 FR 32016 and
32066, May 20, 2016]
1. Introduction
2. Applicability (SectionSection 60.1 and 60.2).
3. Definitions (Section 60.3).
4. Qualification Performance Standards
5. Quality Management System (Section 60.5).
6.
7. Additional Responsibilities of the Sponsor
8. FTD Use (Section 60.11).
9. FTD Objective Data Requirements (Section 60.13).
10. Special Equipment and Personnel Requirements for Qualifi...
11. Initial (and Upgrade) Qualification Requirements (Sectio...
12. Additional Qualifications for Currently
13. Previously Qualified FTDs (Section 60.17).
14. Inspection, Continuing Qualification
15. Logging FTD Discrepancies (Section 60.20).
16. Interim Qualification of FTDs for New
17. Modifications to FTDs (Section 60.23).
18. Operations with Missing, Malfunctioning,
...
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d. Related Reading References.
2. APPLICABILITY (SectionSection 60.1 AND 60.2)
Section 60.2, Applicability of sponsor rules to person
3. DEFINITIONS (Section 60.3)
4. QUALIFICATION PERFORMANCE STANDARDS
5. QUALITY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (Section 60.5)
6. SPONSOR QUALIFICATION REQUIREMENTS.
a. The intent of the language in Section 60.7(b) is
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b. The following examples describe acceptable operational pr...
(a) A sponsor is sponsoring a single, specific FTD for its o...
(i) If the FTD was qualified prior to May
30, 2008, the 12-month period begins on the
Section 60.19 after May 30, 2008, and continues for
2008, will be required to undergo an initial or
Section 60.15. Once the initial or upgrade evaluation
(b) There is no minimum number of hours
(c) The identification of the specific FTD
(a) A sponsor sponsors an additional number of FTDs, in its ...
(i) Used by the sponsor in the sponsor-s
Section 60.7(d)(1)); or
(b) There is no minimum number of hours
(a) A sponsor in New York (in this example, a Part 142 certi...
(b) The satellite function means that the
(c) All of the FTDs in the Chicago and Moscow centers could ...
(i) Each FTD in the Chicago center and
Section 60.7(d)(1)); or
Section 60.7(d)(2)).
7. ADDITIONAL RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE
Section 60.9(a) means without unnecessarily disrupting or de...
...
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(b) For each maneuver or procedure - 
(i) The procedures and control input the
(v) The data to be gathered.
b. The data, regardless of source, must be
c. After completion of any additional flight
d. As required by Section 60.13(f), the sponsor
(i) The schedule to incorporate this data
e. In those cases where the objective test
f. The FTD sponsor is encouraged to maintain a liaison with ...
g. It is the intent of the NSPM that for
h. There is no requirement for any flight
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i. The NSPM will consider, on a case-bycase basis, whether t...
10. SPECIAL EQUIPMENT AND PERSONNEL RE
a. In the event that the NSPM determines
b. Examples of a special evaluation include
11. INITIAL (AND UPGRADE) QUALIFICATION
a. In order to be qualified at a particular
b. The request described in Section 60.15(a) must
Section 60.15(b) in such time as to be received no
(a) Objective data obtained from aircraft
(b) Correlating objective test results obtained from the per...
(c) The result of FTD subjective tests prescribed in the app...
(d) A description of the equipment necessary to perform the ...
c. The QTG described in paragraph a(3) of
d. The QTG is prepared and submitted by
e. The QTG described in paragraphs (a)(3)
(a) The sponsor-s FTD identification number or code.
(b) The airplane model and series being
(c) The aerodynamic data revision number
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(d) The source of the basic aerodynamic
(e) The engine model(s) and its data revision number or refe...
(f) The flight control data revision number
(g) The flight management system identification and revision...
(h) The FTD model and manufacturer.
(i) The date of FTD manufacture.
(j) The FTD computer identification.
(k) The visual system model and manufacturer, including disp...
(l) The motion system type and manufacturer, including degre...
(a) Name of the test.
(b) Objective of the test.
(c) Initial conditions.
(d) Manual test procedures.
(e) Automatic test procedures (if applicable).
(f) Method for evaluating FTD objective
(g) List of all relevant parameters driven
(h) List of all relevant parameters driven
(i) Tolerances for relevant parameters.
(j) Source of Validation Data (document
(k) Copy of the Validation Data (if located
...
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k. All other FTDs (not covered in subparagraph  - j - ) must...
l. During the initial (or upgrade) qualification evaluation ...
m. Only those FTDs that are sponsored by
n. The NSPM will conduct an evaluation
2 of this appendix, and the subjective tests
o. The NSPM administers the objective and
(a) Evaluating the capability of the FTD to
(b) Determining that the FTD satisfactorily simulates each r...
(c) Verifying correct operation of the FTD
(d) Demonstrating compliance with the requirements of this p...
p. The tolerances for the test parameters
q. In addition to the scheduled continuing
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r. Problems with objective test results are
s. After an FTD is successfully evaluated,
t. Under normal circumstances, the NSPM
u. The numbering system used for objective test results in t...
v. Contact the NSPM or visit the NSPM
w. Examples of the exclusions for which
12. ADDITIONAL QUALIFICATIONS FOR
13. PREVIOUSLY QUALIFIED FTDS (Section 60.17).
a. In instances where a sponsor plans to remove an FTD from ...
b. FTDs qualified prior to May 31, 2016, and
c. [Reserved]
d. FTDs qualified prior to May 31, 2016,
e. Other certificate holders or persons desiring to use an F...
f. Each FTD user must obtain approval
g. The intent of the requirement listed in
Section 60.17(b), for each FTD to have an SOQ within 6 years...
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h. Downgrading of an FTD is a permanent
i. The NSPM will determine the evaluation
j. The FTD will normally be requalified
14. INSPECTION, CONTINUING QUALIFICATION,
a. The sponsor must conduct a minimum of
b. The description of the functional preflight check must be...
c. Record  - functional preflight -  in the
d. During the continuing qualification
e. The sponsor-s test sequence and the content of each quart...
Section 60.19(a)(1) should include a balance and a
f. If the NSP evaluator plans to accomplish
72 hours. Examples of such tests include
g. The continuing qualification evaluations described in Sec...
h.
Section 60.19(b)(4) regarding the frequency of
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15. LOGGING FTD DISCREPANCIES (Section 60.20)
16. INTERIM QUALIFICATION OF FTDS FOR NEW
17. MODIFICATIONS TO FTDS (Section 60.23)
a. The notification described in Section 60.23(c)(2)
b. Prior to using the modified FTD:
a. The sponsor-s responsibility with respect
b. It is the responsibility of the instructor,
c. If the 29th or 30th day of the 30-day period described in...
d. In accordance with the authorization described in Section...
19. AUTOMATIC LOSS OF QUALIFICATION AND
c. FSTD Directives are considered modification of an FTD. Se...
20. OTHER LOSSES OF QUALIFICATION AND PRO
18.
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21. RECORDKEEPING AND REPORTING (Section 60.31)
a. FTD modifications can include hardware
b. If a coded form for record keeping is
22. APPLICATIONS, LOGBOOKS, REPORTS, AND
23. [RESERVED]
24. LEVELS OF FTD.
a. The following is a general description of
40Section vertically.
25. FTD QUALIFICATION ON THE BASIS OF A BILATERAL AVIATION S...
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1. REQUIREMENTS
a. Certain requirements included in this
b. Table B1A describes the requirements
2. DISCUSSION
a. This attachment describes the general
b. The material contained in this attachment is divided into...
c. Table B1A provides the standards for the
d. Table B1B provides the tasks that the
e. Table B1C provides the functions that an
f. It is not required that all of the tasks
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1. Instructor Operating Station (IOS).
1.a. .............
1.b. .............
e.g., GW, CG, Fuel loading, Systems, Ground
1.c. .............
e.g., Selection and Presets; Surface and Lighting controls i...
1.d. .............
e.g., Temp, Wind.
1.e. .............
1.f. .............
1.g. .............
1.h. .............
2. Observer Seats/Stations.
2.a. .............
1. DISCUSSION
a. For the purposes of this attachment, the
b. The format for numbering the objective
...
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2. TEST REQUIREMENTS
a. The ground and flight tests required for
b. Table B2A in this attachment sets out
c. Certain tests included in this attachment must be support...
d. When operational or engineering judgment is used in makin...
e. It is not acceptable to program the FTD
f. When comparing the parameters listed to
g. The QTG provided by the sponsor must
h. For previously qualified FTDs, the tests
i. FTDs are evaluated and qualified with an
j. Testing Computer Controlled Aircraft
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k. Tests of handling qualities must include
l. Some tests will not be required for airplanes using airpl...
m. For objective test purposes, see Appendix F of this part ...
n. In those cases where the objective test
o. Refer to AC 120-27,  - Aircraft Weight and
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3. FOR ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON THE FOLLOWING TOPICS, PLEAS...
11.
4. ALTERNATIVE OBJECTIVE DATA FOR FTD
c. Sponsors using the data from Tables B2B
e.g., gross weight, center of gravity, airspeed,
a. This paragraph (including the following
b. Tables B2B through B2E reflect FTD
d. The reader is encouraged to consult the
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5. ALTERNATIVE DATA SOURCES, PROCEDURES,
a. Sponsors are not required to use the alternative data sou...
b. It has become standard practice for experienced FTD manuf...
c. In reviewing this history, the NSPM has
d. The information in the table that follows (Table of Alter...
e. The NSPM position regarding the use of
f. Table B2F is not applicable to Computer
g. Utilization of these alternate data
h. The term  - inertial measurement system -  allows the use...
1.b.1. ................................................
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1.b.7. ................................................
1.c.1. ................................................
1.f.1. .................................................
1.f.2. .................................................
2.a.1.a. .............................................
2.a.2.a. .............................................
2.a.3.a. .............................................
2.a.4. ................................................
2.a.5. ................................................
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2.a.6. ................................................
2.a.8. ................................................
2.a.9. ................................................
2.c.1. ................................................
2.c.2. ................................................
2.c.4. ................................................
2.c.5. ................................................
2.c.6. ................................................
2.c.7. ................................................
2.c.8. ................................................
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2.c.9.a. .............................................
2.c.10. ..............................................
2.c.11. ..............................................
2.d.2. ................................................
2.d.3. ................................................
(a) Roll overshoot.
(b) Roll response to flight deck roll
2.d.4. ................................................
2.d.6.a. .............................................
2.d.7. ................................................
2.d.8. ................................................
1. DISCUSSION
a. The subjective tests provide a basis for
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b. All simulated airplane systems functions will be assessed...
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c. At the request of the TPAA, the NSP
1. Preflight
2. Surface Operations (pre-takeoff)
2.a. ............
2.a.1. .........
2.a.2. .........
2.a.3. .........
2.b. ............
3. Takeoff (requires appropriate visual system as set out in...
3.a. ............
3.a.1. .........
3.a.2. .........
3.a.3. .........
3.a.4. .........
3.b. ............
3.b.1. .........
3.b.2. .........
3.b.3. .........
4. In-Flight Operations
4.a. ............
4.b. ............
...
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4.b.6. .........
4.b.7. .........
4.b.8. .........
4.b.9. .........
4.b.10. .......
4.b.11. .......
4.b.12. .......
4.b.13. .......
4.c. ............
4.c.1. .........
4.c.1.a. ......
4.c.1.b. ......
4.c.1.c. ......
4.c.2. .........
4.c.2.a. ......
4.c.2.b. ......
4.c.2.c. ......
4.c.3. .........
4.c.4. .........
5. Approaches
...
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7.c. ............
7.d. ............
7.e. ............
7.e.1. .........
7.e.2. .........
8. Instructor Operating Station (IOS), as appropriate. Funct...
8.a. ............
8.b. ............
8.b.1. .........
8.b.2. .........
8.b.3. .........
8.c. ............
8.c.1. .........
8.c.2. .........
8.c.3. .........
8.d. ............
8.d.1. .........
8.d.2. .........
8.d.3. .........
8.e. ............
8.e.1. .........
...
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1. Preflight
2. Surface Operations (pre-takeoff)
2.a. ............
2.a.1. .........
2.a.2. .........
2.a.3. .........
3. In-Flight Operations
3.a. ............
3.b. ............
3.b.1. .........
3.b.2. .........
3.c. ............
4. Approaches
4.a. ............
5. Any Flight Phase
5.a. ............
5.b. ............
5.c. ............
5.d. ............
5.e. ............
...
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1. ...............
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1. Introduction.
2. Applicability (Section 60.1) and (Section 60.2).
3. Definitions (Section 60.3).
4. Qualification Performance Standards
5. Quality Management System (Section 60.5).
6.
7. Additional Responsibilities of the Sponsor
8. FFS Use (Section 60.11).
9. FFS Objective Data Requirements (Section 60.13).
10. Special Equipment and Personnel Requirements for Qualifi...
11. Initial (and Upgrade) Qualification Requirements (Sectio...
12. Additional Qualifications for a Currently
13. Previously Qualified FFSs (Section 60.17).
14. Inspection, Continuing Qualification
15. Logging FFS Discrepancies (Section 60.20).
16. Interim Qualification of FFSs for New
17. Modifications to FFSs (Section 60.23).
18. Operations with Missing, Malfunctioning,
...
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25. FFS Qualification on the Basis of a Bilateral Aviation S...
1. INTRODUCTION
a. This appendix contains background information as well as ...
b. Questions regarding the contents of this
832-4700; fax, 404-761-8906. The general e-mail
c. The NSPM encourages the use of electronic media for all c...
d. Related Reading References.
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2. APPLICABILITY (SectionSection 60.1 AND 60.2)
Section 60.2, Applicability of sponsor rules to person
3. DEFINITIONS (Section 60.3)
4. QUALIFICATION PERFORMANCE STANDARDS
5. QUALITY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (Section 60.5)
6. SPONSOR QUALIFICATION REQUIREMENTS
a. The intent of the language in Section 60.7(b) is
b. The following examples describe acceptable operational pr...
(a) A sponsor is sponsoring a single, specific FFS for its o...
(i) If the FFS was qualified prior to May 30,
2008, the 12-month period begins on the date
2008, will be required to undergo an initial or
Section 60.15. Once the initial or upgrade evaluation
(b) There is no minimum number of hours
(c) The identification of the specific FFS
(a) A sponsor sponsors an additional number of FFSs, in its ...
(i) Used by the sponsor in the sponsor-s
Section 60.7(d)(1)); or
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(b) There is no minimum number of hours
(a) A sponsor in New York (in this example, a Part 142 certi...
(b) The satellite function means that the
(c) All of the FFSs in the Chicago and Moscow centers could ...
(i) Each FFS in the Chicago center and
Section 60.7(d)(1)); OR
Section 60.7(d)(2)).
7. Additional Responsibilities of the Spon
Section 60.9(a) means without unnecessarily disrupting or de...
8. FFS USE (Section 60.11)
9. FFS OBJECTIVE DATA REQUIREMENTS
a. Flight test data used to validate FFS
(a) The maneuvers and procedures required
(b) For each maneuver or procedure - 
(i) The procedures and control input the
(v) The data to be gathered.
b. The data, regardless of source, must be
c. After completion of any additional flight
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...
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d. As required by Section 60.13(f), the sponsor
(a) The schedule to incorporate this data
(b) The reason for not incorporating this
e. In those cases where the objective test
h. There is no requirement for any flight
i. The NSPM will consider, on a case-bycase basis, whether t...
10. SPECIAL EQUIPMENT AND PERSONNEL REQUIREMENTS FOR QUALIFI...
f. The FFS sponsor is encouraged to maintain a liaison with ...
g. It is the intent of the NSPM that for
a. In the event that the NSPM determines
b. Examples of a special evaluation include
11. INITIAL (AND UPGRADE) QUALIFICATION
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a. In order to be qualified at a particular
b. The request described in Section 60.15(a) must
(a) Objective data obtained from aircraft
(b) Correlating objective test results obtained from the per...
(c) The result of FFS subjective tests prescribed in the app...
(d) A description of the equipment necessary to perform the ...
c. The QTG described in paragraph (a)(3) of
d. The QTG is prepared and submitted by
e. The QTG described in paragraphs (a)(3)
Section 60.19. See Attachment 4 of this appendix,
(a) The sponsor-s FFS identification number or code.
(b) The helicopter model and series being
(c) The aerodynamic data revision number
(d) The source of the basic aerodynamic
(e) The engine model(s) and its data revision number or refe...
(f) The flight control data revision number
(g) The flight management system identification and revision...
(h) The FFS model and manufacturer.
(i) The date of FFS manufacture.
(j) The FFS computer identification.
...
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(k) Copy of the Validation Data (if located
(l) Simulator Objective Test Results as obtained by the spon...
f. A convertible FFS is addressed as a separate FFS for each...
g. Form and manner of presentation of objective test results...
h. The sponsor may elect to complete the
i. The sponsor must maintain a copy of the
j. All FFSs for which the initial qualification is conducted...
k. All other FFSs not covered in subparagraph  - j -  must h...
l. During the initial (or upgrade) qualification evaluation ...
m. Only those FFSs that are sponsored by
n. The NSPM will conduct an evaluation
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o. The NSPM administers the objective and
(a) Evaluating the capability of the FFS to
(b) Determining that the FFS satisfactorily simulates each r...
(c) Verifying correct operation of the FFS
(d) Demonstrating compliance with the requirements of this p...
p. The tolerances for the test parameters
q. In addition to the scheduled continuing
r. Problems with objective test results are
s. After an FFS is successfully evaluated,
t. Under normal circumstances, the NSPM
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u. The numbering system used for objective test results in t...
v. Contact the NSPM or visit the NSPM
w. Examples of the exclusions for which
c. After May 30, 2009, each visual scene or
d. Simulators qualified prior to May 30,
2008, may be updated. If an evaluation is
12. ADDITIONAL QUALIFICATIONS FOR A
13. PREVIOUSLY QUALIFIED FFSS (Section 60.17)
a. In instances where a sponsor plans to remove an FFS from ...
b. Simulators qualified prior to May 30,
2008, are not required to meet the general
e. Other certificate holders or persons desiring to use an F...
f. Each FFS user must obtain approval
g. The intent of the requirement listed in
Section 60.17(b), for each FFS to have an SOQ within 6 years...
h. Downgrading of an FFS is a permanent
i. The NSPM will determine the evaluation
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j. The FFS will normally be requalified
14. INSPECTION, CONTINUING QUALIFICATION
a. The sponsor must conduct a minimum of
b. The description of the functional preflight check must be...
c. Record  - functional preflight -  in the
d. During the continuing qualification
e. The NSPM will conduct continuing qualification evaluation...
h. The continuing qualification evaluations, described in Se...
15. LOGGING FFS DISCREPANCIES (Section 60.20)
f. The sponsor-s test sequence and the content of each quart...
Section 60.19(a)(1) should include a balance and a
g. If the NSP evaluator plans to accomplish specific tests d...
16. INTERIM QUALIFICATION OF FFSS FOR NEW
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17. MODIFICATIONS TO FFSS (Section 60.23)
a. The notification described in Section 60.23(c)(2)
b. Prior to using the modified FFS:
c. If the 29th or 30th day of the 30-day period described in...
d. In accordance with the authorization described in Section...
19. AUTOMATIC LOSS OF QUALIFICATION AND
20. OTHER LOSSES OF QUALIFICATION AND PRO
18.
a. The sponsor-s responsibility with respect
b. It is the responsibility of the instructor,
21. RECORD KEEPING AND REPORTING (Section 60.31)
a. FFS modifications can include hardware
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b. If a coded form for record keeping is
b. Table C1A describes the requirements
2. DISCUSSION
a. This attachment describes the general
b. The material contained in this attachment is divided into...
c. Table C1A provides the standards for the
d. Table C1B provides the tasks that the
e. Table C1C provides the functions that an
f. It is not required that all of the tasks
g. Table C1A addresses only Levels B, C,
22. APPLICATIONS, LOGBOOKS, REPORTS, AND
23. [RESERVED]
24. [RESERVED]
25. FFS QUALIFICATION ON THE BASIS OF A BILATERAL AVIATION S...
1. REQUIREMENTS
a. Certain requirements included in this
1. ..............
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1.a. ...........
1.b. ...........
2. ..............
2.a. ...........
2.b. ...........
2.c. ...........
2.c.1. ........
2.c.2. ........
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2.d. ...........
2.e. ...........
2.e.1. ........
2.e.2. ........
2.f. ............
2.g. ...........
2.h. ...........
3. ..............
3.a. ...........
3.b. ...........
3.c. ...........
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3.d. ...........
3.e. ...........
4. ..............
4.a. ...........
4.b. ...........
4.c. ...........
4.d. ...........
4.e. ...........
5. ..............
5.a. ...........
5.b. ...........
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5.c. ...........
5.d. ...........
5.e. ...........
5.f. ............
6. ..............
6.a. ...........
6.b. ...........
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6.c. ...........
6.d. ...........
176Section by 56Section (e.g., to accommodate the use
6.e. ...........
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6.f. ............
6.g. ...........
6.h. ...........
(a) Runway surface and markings
(b) Lighting for the runway in use, including
(c) Taxiway lights
6.i. ............
6.j. ............
6.k. ...........
6.l. ............
6.m. ..........
6.n ............
6.o. ...........
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6.p. ...........
6.q. ...........
6.r. ............
6.s ............
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6.t. ............
6.u. ...........
6.v. ...........
7. ..............
7.a. ...........
7.b. ...........
7.c. ...........
7.d. ...........
1. Preflight Procedures
1.a. ............
1.b. ............
1.b.1. .........
1.b.2. .........
1.b.3. .........
1.c. ............
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1.d. ............
1.e. ............
2. Takeoff and Departure Phase
2.a. ............
2.a.1. .........
2.a.2. .........
2.a.3. .........
2.b. ............
2.c. ............
2.d. ............
2.e. ............
3.a. ............
3.b. ............
3.c. ............
3.d. ............
3. Climb
4. In-flight Maneuvers
4.a. ............
4.b. ............
4.c. ............
4.d. ............
...
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6. Landings and Approaches to Landings
6.a. ............
6.b. ............
6.b.1. .........
6.b.1.a. ......
6.b.1.b. ......
6.b.2. .........
6.b.3. .........
7. Normal and Abnormal Procedures
7.a. ............
7.b. ............
7.c. ............
7.d. ............
7.e. ............
7.f. .............
7.g. ............
7.h. ............
7.i. .............
7.j. .............
7.k. ............
...
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9.b. ............
9.b.1. .........
9.b.2. .........
1. ...............
1.a. ............
1.b. ............
e.g., GW, CG, Fuel loading,
1.c. ............
e.g.,
1.d. ............
e.g., Clouds, Visibility, RVR,
1.e. ............
1.f. .............
2. ...............
2.a. ............
3. ...............
3.a. ............
4. ...............
4.a. ............
3. ..............
4. ..............
...
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9. ..............
10. ............
11. ............
12. ............
13. ............
14. ............
15. ............
16. ............
17. ............
1. INTRODUCTION
a. If relevant winds are present in the objective data, the ...
b. The NSPM will not evaluate any simulator unless the requi...
c. Table C2A addresses helicopter simulators at Levels B, C,...
2. TEST REQUIREMENTS
a. The ground and flight tests required for
Section 60.13 and in this appendix. Although use of
b. Table C2A sets out the test results required, including t...
c. Certain tests included in this attachment must be support...
d. When operational or engineering judgment is used in makin...
e. The FFS may not be programmed so
...
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f. When comparing the parameters listed to
g. The QTG provided by the sponsor must
h. For previously qualified simulators, the
i. Motion System Tests:
(a) The minimum excursions, accelerations, and velocities fo...
(b) The minimum excursions, accelerations, and velocities fo...
j. Tests of handling qualities must include
k. Some tests will not be required for helicopters using hel...
l. In cases where light-class helicopters are
m. In those cases where the objective test
n. For references on basic operating
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1.b. .............
1.b.1. ..........
1.a.1.b. .......
1.a.3. ..........
1.a.1.a ........
1.a.2. ..........
1.a.1. ..........
1.a. .............
1. Performance
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1.c.2. ...........
1.c.1. ...........
1.c. ..............
1.b.3. ..........
1.b.4. ..........
1.b.2. ..........
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1.f. ..............
1.e. .............
1.d. .............
1.c.3. ...........
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1.i. ...............
1.h.2. ..........
1.h.1. ..........
1.h. .............
1.g. .............
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1.j.2. ............
1.j.1. ............
1.j. ...............
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1.j.4. ............
2.a. .............
2. Handling Qualities
1.j.3. ............
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2.a.4. ..........
2.a.2. ..........
2.a.1. ..........
2.a.3. ..........
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2.b.3.a. .......
2.b.3. ..........
2.b.2. ..........
2.b.1. ..........
2.b. .............
2.a.6. ..........
2nd and subsequent overshoots greater than 5% of
2.a.5. ..........
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2.b.3.c. ........
2.b.3.d. .......
2.c.3. ...........
2.c.2. ...........
2.c.1. ...........
2.b.3.b. .......
2.c. ..............
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2.d.1. ..........
2.d. .............
2.c.3.b. ........
2.c.4. ...........
2.c.3.a. ........
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2.d.1.b. .......
2.d.1.a ........
2.d.2. ..........
10%, Roll Attitude - Section1.5,
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3.a. .............
3. Motion System
2.d.3.b. .......
2.d.3.c. ........
2.d.3.a. .......
2.d.3. ..........
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3.e. .............
3.d. .............
3.c. ..............
3.b. .............
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3.e.5. ..........
3.e.6.c. ........
3.f. ..............
3.e.6.b. .......
3.e.4. ..........
3.e.6.a. .......
3.e.3. ..........
3.e.2. ..........
3.e.6. ..........
3.e.1. ..........
2.d.1.c.
2.d.1.a.
2.c.1.
1.j.4.
1.j.1.
1.d.
1.c.1.
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(a) Low Section High speed transition to and from hover;
(b) Level flight;
(c) Climb and descent (including vertical climb;
(d) Auto-rotation;
(e) Steady Turns.
5.e. and 5.f.]
5.e. and 5.f.]
4.a.1. ..........
(a) On ground (idle);
(b) In flight
4.a. .............
4. Visual System
3.f.1. ...........
3.f.2. ...........
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4.b. .............
4.a.2. ..........
100 ms (or less) after controller movement.
100 ms (or less) after helicopter response.
150 ms (or less) after controller movement.
150 ms (or less) after helicopter response.
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4.b.1. ..........
36Section vertically. Any geometric error between the
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4.b.2. ..........
4.b.3. ..........
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56Section vertical field-of-view for
180Section field-of-view. However, the field-of-view is
176Section. Field-of-view may be
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4.d. .............
4.c. ..............
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4.g.1. ..........
4.f. ..............
4.g. .............
4.e. .............
6,876 ft with stripes 150 ft
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4.h. .............
4.g.2. ..........
1,200 ft (350 m).
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5.a. .............
5. ................
5.c., as appropriate) during continuing qualification evalua...
(i) Horizontal and vertical distance from main landing
(i) Identification of runway.
(i) Gross weight.
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5.a.4. ..........
5.a.5. ..........
5.a.6. ..........
5.d. .............
5.c. ..............
5.a.3. ..........
5.b. .............
5.a.2. ..........
5.a.1. ..........
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(a) The continuing qualification 1-3 octave band amplitudes ...
(b) The average of the sum
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3. GENERAL
a. If relevant winds are present in the objective data, the ...
b. The reader is encouraged to review the
4. CONTROL DYNAMICS
a. General. The characteristics of a helicopter flight contr...
b. Control Dynamics Evaluations. The dynamic properties of c...
(a) Underdamped Response. Two measurements are required for ...
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(b) Critically damped and Overdamped Response. Due to the na...
(c) Special considerations. Control systems
(a) The following summarizes the tolerances,  - T -  for und...
(b) The following tolerance applies to critically damped and...
c. Alternative method for control dynamics evaluation.
(a) Static test - Slowly move the control so
(b) Slow dynamic test - Achieve a full
(c) Fast dynamic test - Achieve a full
(d) Tolerances
(i) Static test - see Table C2A, FFS Objective Tests, Entrie...
d. The FAA is open to alternative means
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5. [RESERVED]
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6. MOTION SYSTEM.
a. General.
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b. Motion System Checks. The intent of
c. Motion System Repeatability. The intent of this test is t...
(a) Actual platform linear accelerations;
(b) Motion actuators position.
d. Motion Cueing Performance Signature.
(a) Flight model acceleration and rotational rate commands a...
(b) Motion actuators position;
(c) Actual platform position;
(d) Actual platform acceleration at pilot
e. Motion Vibrations.
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1000. On a PSD plot this represents three decades (one decad...
f. Table C2B, Motion System Recommendations for Level C and ...
a. ...........
a.1. ........
a.1.a. .....
a.1.b. .....
a.1.c. .....
a.2. ........
a.2.a. .....
a.2.b. .....
a.2.c. .....
a.3. ........
a.3.a. .....
a.3.b. .....
a.3.c. .....
a.4. ........
a.4.a. .....
a.4.b. .....
a.4.c. .....
a.5. ........
...
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7. SOUND SYSTEM
a. General. The total sound environment in
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b. Alternate propulsion. For FFS with
c. Data and Data Collection System.
(a) The specifications for octave, half octave, and third oc...
(b) Measurement microphones should be
1094-4-1995.
(a) Background noise is the noise in the
(b) The acceptability of the background
(i) 70 dB @ 50 Hz;
(a) Variation of data between tail numbers.
(b) Frequency response of microphones.
(c) Repeatability of the measurements.
50 .....................
63 .....................
80 .....................
100 ...................
125 ...................
160 ...................
200 ...................
250 ...................
315 ...................
...
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8. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ABOUT FLIGHT
a. Typically, a helicopter manufacturer-s
b. In these cases, the NSPM may accept
c. Simulator sponsors seeking qualification based on prelimi...
d. The procedure to be followed to gain
e. The preliminary data should be the manufacturer-s best re...
f. The use of preliminary data is not indefinite. The helico...
g. Flight simulator avionics should stay
h. The following describes an example of
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(a) Propulsion.
(b) Aerodynamics.
(c) Mass properties.
(d) Flight controls.
(e) Stability augmentation.
(f) Brakes/landing gear.
i. A qualified test pilot should be used to
9. ENGINEERING SIMULATOR - VALIDATION
a. When a fully validated simulation (i.e.,
b. Helicopter manufacturers or other acceptable data supplie...
c. To be qualified to supply engineering
(a) Develop and implement high fidelity
(b) Predict the handling and performance
(a) Is a physical entity, complete with a
(b) Has controls sufficient for manual
(c) Has models that run in an integrated
(d) Had fully flight-test validated simulation models as the...
(e) Has an out-of-the-flight deck visual system;
(f) Has actual avionics boxes interchangeable with the equiv...
(g) Uses the same models as released to the
...
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(a) Comprised of the engineering predictions derived from th...
(b) Based on acceptable aeronautical principles with proven ...
(c) Verified with existing flight-test data;
(d) Applicable to the configuration of a
10. [RESERVED]
12. VALIDATION DATA ROADMAP
11. VALIDATION TEST TOLERANCES
a. Helicopter manufacturers or other data
b. The VDR should identify (in matrix format) sources of dat...
(b) Iteration rates;
(c) Execution order;
(d) Integration methods;
(e) Processor architecture;
(f) Digital drift, including:
(i) Interpolation methods;
(a) Flight-test data are often not available
(b) Alternative technical solutions are
(c) The costs are high.
a. Non-Flight-Test Tolerances. If engineering simulator data...
b. Background
(a) Hardware (avionics units and flight
...
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c. The Sample Validation Data Roadmap
d. Two examples of rationale pages are presented in Appendix...
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13. [RESERVED]
14. ACCEPTANCE GUIDELINES FOR ALTERNATIVE
a. Background
b. Approval Guidelines For Validating
(a) For changes to an avionics system or
(b) For an avionics change to a contributory system, where a...
(c) For an avionics change to a contributory system, the QTG...
(d) For an avionics change to a contributory system that sig...
15. TRANSPORT DELAY TESTING
a. This paragraph describes how to determine the introduced ...
b. Four specific examples of transport
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c. Figure C2C illustrates the total transport delay for a no...
d. Figure C2D illustrates the transport
e. To obtain the induced transport delay
f. Introduced transport delay is measured
g. The control input may also be introduced after the helico...
h. Figure C2E illustrates the transport
i. It is not possible to measure the introduced transport de...
j. Special measurements for instrument
k. Recorded signals. The signals recorded
l. Interpretation of results. Flight simulator results vary ...
m. The transport delay test should account
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16. CONTINUING QUALIFICATION EVALUATIONS - 
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a. Background
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b. Continuing Qualification Evaluation Test
17.
a. Sponsors are not required to use the alternative data sou...
b. It has become standard practice for experienced simulator...
c. Based on this history of successful comparisons, the NSPM...
d. The information in Table C2E (Alternative Data Sources, P...
e. The NSPM position on the use of these
f. Data may be acquired by using an inertial measurement sys...
g. The sponsor is urged to contact the
h. Use of these alternate data sources, procedures, and inst...
i. The term  - inertial measurement system -  is used in tab...
j. Synchronized video for the use of alternative data source...
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1.a.1.a. Performance. Engine Start and Accelerations.
1.a.1.b. Performance.
1.a.2. Performance. Power
1.a.3. Performance. Engine
1.b.1. Performance. On
1.b.2. Performance. On
1.b.3. Performance. Taxi ...
1.b.4. Performance. Brake
1.c.1. Performance. Running Takeoff.
1.c.2. Performance. One
1.f. Performance. Level
1.g. Performance. Normal
1.h.1. Descent Performance and Trimmed Flight
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1.h.2. Autorotation Performance and Trimmed Flight
1.j.1. Performance. Running Landing All Engines.
1.j.2. Performance. Running Landing One Engine
1.j.3. Performance. Balked
2.a.1. Handling Qualities.
2.a.2. Handling Qualities.
2.a.3. Handling Qualities.
2.a.4. Handling Qualities.
2.a.6. Handling Qualities.
2.c.1. Longitudinal Handling
2.c.2. Longitudinal Handling
2.c.3.a. Longitudinal Handling Qualities. Dynamic
2.c.3.b. Longitudinal Handling Qualities. Dynamic
2.c.4. Longitudinal Handling
2.d.1.a. Lateral Handling
2.d.1.b Directional Handling
2.d.2. Handling Qualities.
2.d.3.a. Handling Qualities.
2.d.3.b. Handling Qualities.
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...
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2.d.3.c. Handling Qualities.
18. VISUAL DISPLAY SYSTEMS.
a. Basic principles of a FFS collimated display:
(a) The viewer-s eyes focus at infinity and
(b) The angle to any given point in the picture does not cha...
b. Basic principles of a FFS dome (or noncollimated) display...
c. Additional display considerations
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d. Training implications
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1. REQUIREMENTS
a. Except for special use airport models, all
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b. If fictional airports are used, the sponsor
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c. When the simulator is being used by an
d. When a person sponsors an FFS maintained by a person othe...
60 criteria, including the visual scenes and
e. Neither Class II nor Class III airport visual models are ...
f. When an airport model represents a real
g. If a sponsor desires an extension to the
2. DISCUSSION
a. The subjective tests provide a basis for
b. The tests in Table C3A, Operations
c. The tests in Table C3A, Operations
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d. All simulated helicopter systems functions will be assess...
e. Simulators demonstrating a satisfactory
f. At the request of the TPAA, the NSP
g. This appendix addresses helicopter simulators at Levels B...
h. The FAA intends to allow the use of
h. The TPAA may accept Class III airport
(a) Training, testing, or checking on very
(b) Instrument operations training (including instrument tak...
(i) A specific model that has been geographically  - moved -...
i. Previously qualified simulators with certain early genera...
(a) Link NVS and DNVS.
(b) Novoview 2500 and 6000.
(c) FlightSafety VITAL series up to, and
(d) Redifusion SP1, SP1T, and SP2.
(a) FlightSafety VITAL IV.
(b) Redifusion SP3 and SP3T.
(c) Link-Miles Image II.
(a) Redifusion SP1 and SP1T.
(b) FlightSafety Vital IV.
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...
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(c) Link-Miles Image II and Image IIT
(d) XKD displays (even though the XKD
1. Preparation for Flight
1.a. .............................
2. APU/Engine start and run-up
2.a. .............................
2.b. .............................
2.c. .............................
2.d. .............................
2.e. .............................
3.a ..............................
3.b. .............................
3.c. .............................
3.d. .............................
3.e. .............................
3.e.1. ..........................
3.e.2. ..........................
3.e.3. ..........................
3.e.4. ..........................
3.e.5. ..........................
...
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4.e. .............................
4.f. ..............................
4.f.1. ...........................
4.f.2. ...........................
4.f.3. ...........................
4.g. .............................
4.g.1. ..........................
4.g.2. ..........................
4.g.3. ..........................
4.g.4. ..........................
4.g.5. ..........................
4.g.6. ..........................
4.g.7. ..........................
4.g.8. ..........................
4.h. .............................
5. Takeoff/Translational Flight
5.a. .............................
5.b. .............................
5.c. .............................
6. Takeoff and Departure Phase
6.a. .............................
...
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6.b.1.a. .......................
6.b.1.b. .......................
6.c. .............................
6.c.1. ..........................
6.c.2. ..........................
6.d. .............................
6.e. .............................
7.a. .............................
7.b. .............................
7.c. .............................
7.d. .............................
7.e. .............................
8.a ..............................
8.b. .............................
8.c. .............................
8.c.1. ..........................
8.c.2. ..........................
8.c.3. ..........................
8.d. .............................
8.e. .............................
...
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9.b. .............................
9.c. .............................
9.c.1. ..........................
9.c.2. ..........................
9.d. .............................
10. Approach
10.a. ...........................
10.a.1. ........................
10.a.2. ........................
10.a.3. ........................
10.a.3.a. .....................
10.a.3.b. .....................
10.a.3.c. .....................
10.a.3.d. .....................
10.a.3.e. .....................
10.a.4. ........................
10.a.4.a. .....................
10.a.4.b. .....................
10.b. ...........................
10.b.1. ........................
10.b.2. ........................
...
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11. Landings and Approaches to Landings
11.a. ...........................
11.a.1. ........................
11.a.2. ........................
11.a.3. ........................
11.a.4. ........................
11.a.5. ........................
11.a.6. ........................
11.a.7. ........................
11.b. ...........................
11.b.1. ........................
11.b.2. ........................
11.b.3. ........................
11.b.4. ........................
11.b.5. ........................
11.b.6. ........................
11c. ............................
11.c.1. ........................
11.c.1.a. .....................
11.c.1.b. .....................
...
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12.a.2. ........................
12.a.3. ........................
12.a.4. ........................
12.a.5. ........................
12.a.6. ........................
12.a.7. ........................
12.a.8. ........................
12.a.9. ........................
12.a.10. ......................
12.a.11. ......................
12.a.12. ......................
12.a.13. ......................
12.a.14. ......................
12.a.15. ......................
12.a.16. ......................
12.b. ...........................
12.b.1. ........................
12.b.2. ........................
12.b.3. ........................
12.b.4. ........................
12.b.5. ........................
...
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13.c. ...........................
13.d. ...........................
1. ..............
1.a. ...........
1.b. ...........
1.c. ...........
1.c.1. ........
1.c.2. ........
1.c.3. ........
1.c.4. ........
1.c.5. ........
1.c.6. ........
1.d. ...........
1.d.1. ........
1.d.2. ........
1.d.3. ........
1.d.4. ........
2. ..............
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...
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2.a. ...........
2.a.1. ........
2.a.2. ........
2.a.2.a ......
2.a.2.b. .....
2.a.2.c. .....
2.b. ...........
2.b.1. ........
2.b.2. ........
2.c. ...........
2.c.1. ........
2.c.2. ........
2.c.3. ........
2.c.4. ........
2.c.5. ........
2.c.6. ........
2.c.7. ........
2.c.8. ........
2.c.9. ........
2.c.10. ......
2.c.11. ......
...
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2.d.2. ........
2.d.3. ........
2.e. ...........
2.e.1. ........
2.e.2. ........
2.e.3. ........
2.e.4. ........
3. ..............
3.a. ...........
3.b. ...........
4. ..............
4.a. ...........
4.b. ...........
4.c. ...........
4.d. ...........
4.e. ...........
4.f. ............
4.g. ...........
4.h. ...........
4.i. ............
...
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9R, 14L, 22R). Models of airports or helicopter landing area...
5.a. ...........
5.a.1. ........
5.a.2. ........
5.b. ...........
5.b.1. ........
5.b.2. ........
5.c. ...........
5.c.1. ........
5.c.2. ........
5.d. ...........
5.d.1. ........
5.d.2. ........
5.d.3. ........
5.e. ...........
5.e.1. ........
5.e.2. ........
5.f. ............
5.f.1. .........
5.f.2. .........
6. ..............
...
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6.b. ...........
6.c. ...........
6.d. ...........
6.e. ...........
6.f. ............
7. ..............
7.a. ...........
7.b. ...........
7.c. ...........
7.d. ...........
7.e. ...........
7.f. ............
7.g. ...........
7.h. ...........
8. ..............
8.a. ...........
8.b. ...........
8.b.1. ........
8.b.2. ........
8.c. ...........
...
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8.j. ............
9. ..............
9.a. ...........
9.b. ...........
9.c. ...........
9.d. ...........
10. ............
27, Circle to Land on Runway 18 right. Two airport visual mo...
11. ............
1. ..............
1.a. ...........
1.a.1. ........
1.a.2. ........
2. ..............
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2.a.2. ........
2.a.3. ........
2.a.4. ........
2.a.5. ........
2.a.6. ........
2.a.7. ........
2.b. ...........
2.b.1. ........
2.b.2. ........
2.b.3. ........
2.b.4. ........
3. ..............
3.a. ...........
3.a.1. ........
3.a.2. ........
3.b. ...........
3.b.1. ........
3.b.2. ........
3.c. ...........
3.c.1. ........
...
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4.a. ...........
4.b. ...........
5. ..............
5.a. ...........
5.b. ...........
5.c. ...........
6. ..............
6.a. ...........
6.b. ...........
6.c. ...........
7. ..............
7.a. ...........
7.b. ...........
7.c. ...........
7.d. ...........
8. ..............
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1 ...............
2 ...............
3. ..............
4. ..............
5. ..............
6. ..............
7. ..............
8. ..............
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9. ..............
10. ............
11. ............
12. ............
10 knots
13. ............
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14. ............
1. ..............
2. ..............
3. ..............
4. ..............
5. ..............
1. ..............
2. ..............
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1. ..............
2. ..............
2.a. ...........
2.b. ...........
2.c. ...........
3. ..............
3.a. ...........
3.b. ...........
3.c. ...........
3.d. ...........
3.e. ...........
4. ..............
4.a ............
4.b. ...........
4.c. ...........
4.d. ...........
4.e. ...........
5. ..............
6. ..............
6.a. ...........
6.b. ...........
...
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14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
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1. Part 60 requires that each FSTD be:
a. Sponsored by a person holding or applying for an FAA oper...
b. Evaluated and issued an SOQ for a specific FSTD level.
2. FFSs also require the installation of a
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3. To prevent this from occurring in the future, by May 30, ...
4. These references describe the requirements for visual sce...
5. For circling approaches, all requirements of this section...
6. The details in these scenes or models
a. Visual systems not required to have runway numbers as a p...
b. Visual systems required to display runway numbers only fo...
c. Visual systems not required to have accurate taxiway edge...
7. A copy of this Directive must be filed in
2008]
1. Introduction.
2. Applicability (SectionSection 60.1, 60.2).
3. Definitions (Section 60.3).
4. Qualification Performance Standards
5. Quality Management System (Section 60.5).
6. Sponsor Qualification Requirements
7. Additional Responsibilities of the Sponsor (Section 60.9)...
8. FTD Use (Section 60.11).
9. FTD Objective Data Requirements
10. Special Equipment and Personnel Requirements for Qualifi...
11. Initial (and Upgrade) Qualification Requirements (Sectio...
...
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23. [Reserved]
24. Levels of FTD.
25. FTD Qualification on the Basis of a Bilateral Aviation S...
1. INTRODUCTION
a. This appendix contains background information as well as ...
b. Questions regarding the contents of this
404-832-4700; fax, 404-761-8906. The general email address f...
c. The NSPM encourages the use of electronic media for all c...
d. Related Reading References.
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2. APPLICABILITY (Section 60.1 AND 60.2)
Section 60.2, Applicability of sponsor rules to person
3. DEFINITIONS (Section 60.3)
4. QUALIFICATION PERFORMANCE STANDARDS
5. QUALITY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (Section 60.5)
6. SPONSOR QUALIFICATION REQUIREMENTS
a. The intent of the language in Section 60.7(b) is
b. The following examples describe acceptable operational pr...
(a) A sponsor is sponsoring a single, specific FTD for its o...
(i) If the FTD was qualified prior to May
30, 2008, the 12-month period begins on the
Section 60.19 after May 30, 2008, and continues for
2008, will be required to undergo an initial or
Section 60.15. Once the initial or upgrade evaluation
(b) There is no minimum number of hours
(c) The identification of the specific FTD
(a) A sponsor sponsors an additional number of FTDs, in its ...
(i) Used by the sponsor in the sponsor-s
Section 60.7(d)(1)); or
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...
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(b) There is no minimum number of hours
(a) A sponsor in New York (in this example, a Part 142 certi...
(b) The satellite function means that the
(c) All of the FTDs in the Chicago and Moscow centers could ...
(i) Each FTD in the Chicago center and
Section 60.7(d)(1)); or
Section 60.7(d)(2)).
7. ADDITIONAL RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE
Section 60.9(a) means without unnecessarily disrupting or de...
8. FTD USE (Section 60.11).
9. FTD OBJECTIVE DATA REQUIREMENTS
a. Flight test data used to validate FTD
(a) The maneuvers and procedures required
(b) For each maneuver or procedure - 
(i) The procedures and control input the
(v) The data to be gathered.
b. The data, regardless of source, must be
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c. After completion of any additional flight
d. As required by Section 60.13(f), the sponsor
(a) Within 45 calendar days, notify the
(b) The schedule to incorporate this data
(c) The reason for not incorporating this
e. In those cases where the objective test
h. There is no requirement for any flight
i. The NSPM will consider, on a case-bycase basis, whether t...
f. The FTD sponsor is encouraged to maintain a liaison with ...
g. It is the intent of the NSPM that for
10. SPECIAL EQUIPMENT AND PERSONNEL RE
a. In the event that the NSPM determines
b. Examples of a special evaluation include
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11. INITIAL (AND UPGRADE) QUALIFICATION
a. In order to be qualified at a particular
b. The request described in Section 60.15(a) must
(a) Objective data obtained from aircraft
(b) Correlating objective test results obtained from the per...
(c) The result of FTD subjective tests prescribed in the app...
(d) A description of the equipment necessary to perform the ...
c. The QTG described in paragraph a(3) of
d. The QTG is prepared and submitted by
e. The QTG described in paragraphs (a)(3)
(a) The sponsor-s FTD identification number or code.
(b) The helicopter model and series being
(c) The aerodynamic data revision number
(d) The source of the basic aerodynamic
(e) The engine model(s) and its data revision number or refe...
(f) The flight control data revision number
(g) The flight management system identification and revision...
(h) The FTD model and manufacturer.
(i) The date of FTD manufacture.
(j) The FTD computer identification.
(k) The visual system model and manufacturer, including disp...
...
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(f) Method for evaluating FTD objective
(g) List of all relevant parameters driven
(h) List of all relevant parameters driven
(i) Tolerances for relevant parameters.
(j) Source of Validation Data (document
(k) Copy of the Validation Data (if located
(l) FTD Objective Test Results as obtained
f. A convertible FTD is addressed as a separate FTD for each...
g. The form and manner of presentation of
h. The sponsor may elect to complete the
i. The sponsor must maintain a copy of the
j. All FTDs for which the initial qualification is conducted...
k. All other FTDs (not covered in subparagraph  - j - ) must...
l. During the initial (or upgrade) qualification evaluation ...
m. Only those FTDs that are sponsored by
n. The NSPM will conduct an evaluation
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2 of this appendix, and the subjective tests
3 of this appendix).
o. The NSPM administers the objective and
(a) Evaluating the capability of the FTD to
(b) Determining that the FTD satisfactorily simulates each r...
(c) Verifying correct operation of the FTD
(d) Demonstrating compliance with the requirements of this p...
p. The tolerances for the test parameters
q. In addition to the scheduled continuing
r. Problems with objective test results are
s. After an FTD is successfully evaluated,
t. Under normal circumstances, the NSPM
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14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
u. The numbering system used for objective test results in t...
v. Contact the NSPM or visit the NSPM
w. Examples of the exclusions for which
12. ADDITIONAL QUALIFICATIONS FOR
b. FTDs and replacement FTD systems
c. After (1 year after date of publication of
d. Simulators qualified prior to May 30,
2008, may be updated. If an evaluation is
13. PREVIOUSLY QUALIFIED FTDS (Section 60.17)
a. In instances where a sponsor plans to remove an FTD from ...
e. Other certificate holders or persons desiring to use an F...
f. Each FTD user must obtain approval
g. The intent of the requirement listed in
Section 60.17(b), for each FTD to have an SOQ within 6 years...
h. Downgrading of an FTD is a permanent
i. It is not the intent of the NSPM to discourage the improv...
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j. The NSPM will determine the evaluation
k. The FTD will normally be requalified
14. INSPECTION, CONTINUING QUALIFICATION,
a. The sponsor must conduct a minimum of
b. The description of the functional preflight check must be...
c. Record  - functional preflight -  in the
d. During the continuing qualification
Section 60.19(a)(1) should include a balance and a
f. If the NSP evaluator plans to accomplish
72 hours. Examples of such tests include
g. The continuing qualification evaluations described in Sec...
h.
Section 60.19(b)(4) regarding the frequency of
e. The sponsor-s test sequence and the content of each quart...
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14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
18.
15. LOGGING FTD DISCREPANCIES (Section 60.20)
16. INTERIM QUALIFICATION OF FTDS FOR NEW
17. MODIFICATIONS TO FTDS (Section 60.23)
a. The notification described in Section 60.23(c)(2)
b. Prior to using the modified FTD:
a. The sponsor-s responsibility with respect
b. It is the responsibility of the instructor,
c. If the 29th or 30th day of the 30-day period described in...
d. In accordance with the authorization described in Section...
19. AUTOMATIC LOSS OF QUALIFICATION AND
c. FSTD Directives are considered modification of an FTD. Se...
20. OTHER LOSSES OF QUALIFICATION AND PRO
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21. RECORD KEEPING AND REPORTING (Section 60.31)
a. FTD modifications can include hardware
b. If a coded form for record keeping is
22. APPLICATIONS, LOGBOOKS, REPORTS, AND
23. [RESERVED]
24. LEVELS OF FTD
a. The following is a general description of
25. FTD QUALIFICATION ON THE BASIS OF A BI
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14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
b. The material contained in this attachment is divided into...
c. Table D1A provides the standards for the
d. Table D1B provides the tasks that the
e. Table D1C provides the functions that an
f. It is not required that all of the tasks
2. DISCUSSION
1. REQUIREMENTS
a. Certain requirements included in this
b. Table D1A describes the requirements
a. This attachment describes the general
1. General Flight Deck Configuration.
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1.a. ............
1.b. ............
2. Programming.
2.a. ............
2.b. ............
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14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
2.c. ............
3. Equipment Operation.
3.a. ............
3.b. ............
3.c. ............
3.d. ............
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3.e. ............
3.f. .............
4. Instructor or Evaluator Facilities.
4.a. ............
4.b. ............
5. Motion System
5.a. ............
5.b. ............
6. Visual System
6.a. ............
6.a.1. .........
6.a.2. .........
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14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
6.a.3. .........
6.a.4. .........
6.a.5. .........
6.a.6. .........
6.a.7. .........
6.b. ............
6.c. ............
7. Sound System
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7.a. ............
1. Preflight Procedures
1.a. ...........
1.b. ...........
1.b.1. ........
1.b.2. ........
1.b.3. ........
1.c. ...........
1.d. ...........
1.e. ...........
2. Takeoff and Departure Phase
2.a. ...........
2.a.1. ........
...
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14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
4.c. ...........
4.d. ...........
4.e. ...........
5. Instrument Procedures
5.a. ...........
5.b. ...........
5.c. ...........
5.c.1. ........
5.c.2. ........
5.d. ...........
5.e. ...........
5.e.1. ........
5.e.2. ........
5.e.3. ........
6. Landings and Approaches to Landings
6.a. ...........
...
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7.k. ...........
7.l. ............
8. Emergency procedures (as applicable)
8.a. ...........
8.b. ...........
8.c. ...........
8.d. ...........
8.e. ...........
8.f. ............
8.g. ...........
8.h. ...........
9. Postflight Procedures
9.a. ...........
9.b. ...........
9.b.1. ........
9.b.2. ........
1. Instructor Operating Station (IOS)
...
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14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
2.a. ...........
1. DISCUSSION
a. If relevant winds are present in the objective data, the ...
b. The format for numbering the objective
2, Table C2A, and the objective tests in Appendix D of this ...
c. A Level 4 FTD does not require objective
2. TEST REQUIREMENTS
a. The ground and flight tests required for
b. Table D2A in this attachment sets out
c. Certain tests included in this attachment must be support...
d. When operational or engineering judgment is used in makin...
e. The FTD may not be programmed so
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f. When comparing the parameters listed to
g. The QTG provided by the sponsor must
h. For previously qualified FTDs, the tests
i. Tests of handling qualities must include
j. Some tests will not be required for helicopters using hel...
Section 2  - Handling Qualities -  in Table D2A
k. In cases where light-class helicopters
l. In those cases where the objective test
m. Refer to AC 120-27, Aircraft Weight and
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15:43 Jan 19, 2018
1.a.1. .....................
1.a.1.a. ..................
1.a.1.b. ..................
1.a.3. .....................
1.b. ........................
1.c. .........................
1.a.2. .....................
1.a. ........................
1.
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
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1.d. ........................
1.g. ........................
1.f. .........................
1.e. ........................
1.c.2. through 1.c.3
1.c.1. ......................
10%, Pitch Attitude - Section1.5Section,
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1.i. ..........................
1.h.1. .....................
1.h.2. .....................
1.h. ........................
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
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1.j.1. .......................
1.j.2. through 1.j.3
1.j. ..........................
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2.a. ........................
2.a.1. .....................
1.j.4. .......................
2.
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2.a.4. .....................
2.a.5. .....................
2.a.6. .....................
2.b.3. .....................
2.b.2. .....................
2.b.1. .....................
25%. Force - Section1.0 lb (0.224
2.a.3. .....................
2.b. ........................
2.a.2. .....................
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2.c.1. ......................
2.b.3.c. ...................
2.c. .........................
2.b.3.b. ..................
2.b.3.a. ..................
2.b.3.d. ..................
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
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2.c.3.a. ...................
2.c.3. ......................
2.c.3.b. ...................
2.c.2. ......................
20 sec if the test pilot determines that the results are bec...
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2.d.1.a. ..................
2.d.1.b. ..................
2.d.1. .....................
2.d. ........................
2.c.4. ......................
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
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3.
2.d.3.c. ...................
2.d.3.b. ..................
2.d.3.a. ..................
20 sec period roll angle following release of the controls.
2.d.3. .....................
10%. Roll Attitude - Section1.5 Directional Control Position...
10%. Longitudinal Control Position - Section10% of change fr...
2.d.2. .....................
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4.b.2. .....................
4.b.1. .....................
4.b.3. .....................
4.b. ........................
36Section vertical field-of-view for
150 ms (or less) after controller
146Section (including not less than
73Section measured either side of the
36Section measured from the pilot-s
4.a.2. .....................
150 ms (or less) after helicopter
4.a.1. .....................
4.a. ........................
4.
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
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4.d. ........................
4.e. ........................
4.c. .........................
9,884 feet, with stripes
150 ft long and 5.75 ft
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4.h. ........................
4.g.2. .....................
4.g. ........................
4.f. .........................
4.g.1. .....................
14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
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5.
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14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
3. CONTROL DYNAMICS
a. The characteristics of a helicopter flight
b. Control Dynamics Evaluations. The dynamic properties of c...
(a) Underdamped Response. Two measurements are required for ...
(b) The damping tolerance will be applied
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(c) Critically Damped and Overdamped Response. Due to the na...
(d) Special considerations. Control systems
(a) The following summarizes the tolerances,  - T -  for und...
(b) The following tolerance applies to critically damped and...
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14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
c. Alternative method for control dynamics evaluation.
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(a) Static test - Slowly move the control so
(b) Slow dynamic test - Achieve a full
(c) Fast dynamic test - Achieve a full
(d) Tolerances.
(i) Static test; see Table D2A, Flight Training Device (FTD)...
2.a.1., 2.a.2., and 2.a.3.
d. The FAA is open to alternative means
4. FOR ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON THE FOLLOWING TOPICS, PLEAS...
11.
1. REQUIREMENTS
a. Except for special use airport models, all
b. If fictional airports are used, the sponsor
c. When the simulator is being used by an
d. When a person sponsors an FTD maintained by a person othe...
60 criteria, including the visual scenes and
e. Neither Class II nor Class III airport visual models are ...
f. When an airport model represents a real
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14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
g. If a sponsor desires an extension to the
h. Examples of situations that may warrant ClasslIII model d...
(a) Training, testing, or checking on very
(b) Instrument operations training (including instrument tak...
(i) A specific model that has been geographically  - moved -...
2. DISCUSSION
a. The subjective tests and the examination of functions pro...
b. The List of Operations Tasks in Table
c. Systems to be evaluated are listed separately under  - An...
d. At the request of the TPAA, the NSP
e. The FAA intends to allow the use of
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1. Preflight Procedures
1.a. ........................
1.b. ........................
1.b.1. .....................
1.b.2. .....................
1.b.3. .....................
1.b.4. .....................
1.b.5. .....................
1.c. ........................
1.c.1. .....................
1.c.2. .....................
1.c.3. .....................
1.c.4. .....................
1.c.4.a. ..................
1.c.4.b. ..................
1.c.4.c. ..................
1.d. ........................
1.d.1. .....................
1.d.2. .....................
1.d.2.a. ..................
1.d.2.a. ..................
...
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14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
1.d.6.b. ..................
1.d.6.c. ..................
1.d.6.d. ..................
1.d.6.e. ..................
1.d.6.f. ...................
1.e. ........................
2. Takeoff and Departure Phase
2.a. ........................
2.a.1. .....................
2.a.2. .....................
2.a.3. .....................
2.a.4. .....................
2.a.5. .....................
2.b. ........................
2.c. ........................
2.c.1. .....................
2.d. ........................
2.e. ........................
2.f. .........................
3. Climb
...
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4.f.2. ......................
4.f.2.a. ...................
4.f.2.b. ...................
4.f.3. ......................
4.f.4. ......................
4.f.5. ......................
4.f.6. ......................
4.f.7. ......................
4.f.8. ......................
4.f.9. ......................
4.f.10. ....................
4.g. ........................
5. Instrument Procedures
5.a. ........................
5.b. ........................
5.c. ........................
5.c.1. .....................
5.c.2. .....................
5.c.3. .....................
5.c.3.a. ..................
5.c.3.b. ..................
...
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14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
5.d.3.f. ...................
5.e. ........................
5.e.1. .....................
5.e.2. .....................
5.e.3. .....................
5.e.4. .....................
6. Landings and Approaches to Landings
6.a. ........................
6.a.1. .....................
6.a.2. .....................
6.a.3. .....................
6.a.4. .....................
6.b. ........................
6.b.1. .....................
6.b.1.a. ..................
6.b.1.b. ..................
6.b.2. .....................
6.b.3. .....................
6.b.4. .....................
6.b.5. .....................
...
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7.a.14. ...................
7.a.15. ...................
7.a.16. ...................
7.a.17. ...................
7.a.18. ...................
7.a.19. ...................
7.b. ........................
7.b.1. .....................
7.b.2. .....................
7.b.3. .....................
7.b.4. .....................
7.b.5. .....................
7.b.6. .....................
7.b.7. .....................
7.b.8. .....................
7.b.9. .....................
8. Emergency Procedures (as applicable)
8.a. ........................
8.b. ........................
8.c. ........................
8.d. ........................
...
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14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
10.b.1. ...................
10.b.2. ...................
10.b.3. ...................
10.c. ......................
10.c.1. ...................
10.c.2. ...................
10.c.3. ...................
10.d. ......................
10.d.1. ...................
10.d.2. ...................
10.d.3. ...................
10.e. ......................
10.e.1. ...................
10.e.2. ...................
10.f. .......................
10.f.1. ....................
10.f.2. ....................
10.f.3. ....................
10.f.4. ....................
10.g. ......................
...
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1.a. ...........
1.b. ...........
1.b.1. ........
1.b.1.a. .....
1.b.1.b. .....
1.c. ...........
1.c.1. ........
1.c.2. ........
1.c.3. ........
1.c.4. ........
1.c.5. ........
1.c.6 .........
1.d. ...........
1.d.1. ........
1.d.2. ........
1.d.3. ........
1.d.4. ........
2. ..............
2.a. ...........
2.b. ...........
3. ..............
...
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14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
3.e. ...........
3.f. ............
3.g. ...........
3.h. ...........
4. ..............
22R). Models of airports or helicopter landing areas with mo...
4.a. ...........
4.a.1. ........
4.a.2. ........
4.b. ...........
4.b.1. ........
4.b.2. ........
4.c. ...........
4.c.1. ........
4.c.2. ........
4.d. ...........
4.d.1. ........
4.d.2. ........
4.d.3. ........
4.e. ...........
...
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4.f.1. .........
4.f.2. .........
5. ..............
5.a. ...........
5.b. ...........
5.c. ...........
5.d. ...........
5.e. ...........
5.f. ............
6. ..............
6.a. ...........
6.b. ...........
6.c. ...........
7. ..............
2,000 ft with at least 500 ft of separation between the meas...
7.a. ...........
7.b. ...........
8. ..............
8.a. ...........
8.b. ...........
8.c. ...........
...
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14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
10. ............
1. ..............
1.a. ...........
1.a.1. ........
1.a.2. ........
2. ..............
2.a. ...........
2.a.1. ........
2.a.2. ........
2.a.3. ........
2.a.4. ........
2.a.5. ........
2.a.6. ........
2.b. ...........
2.b.1. ........
2.b.2. ........
2.b.3. ........
2.b.4. ........
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...
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3. ..............
3.a. ...........
3.a.1. ........
3.a.2. ........
3.b. ...........
3.b.1. ........
3.b.2. ........
3.c. ...........
3.c.1. ........
3.c.2. ........
3.d. ...........
3.d.1. ........
3.d.2. ........
4. ..............
4.a. ...........
4.b. ...........
5. ..............
5.a. ...........
5.b. ...........
5.c. ...........
6. ..............
...
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14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
7.b. ...........
7.c. ...........
7.d. ...........
8. ..............
1. Preflight Procedures
1.a. ........................
1.b. ........................
1.b.1. .....................
1.b.2. .....................
1.b.3. .....................
1.b.4. .....................
1.b.5 ......................
2. Takeoff and Departure Phase
2.a. ........................
2.b. ........................
3. Climb
3.a. ........................
3.b. ........................
4. Inflight Maneuvers
4.a. ........................
...
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4.e. ........................
4.e.1. .....................
4.e.2. .....................
4.e.3. .....................
4.e.4. .....................
4.e.5. .....................
4.e.6. .....................
4.e.7. .....................
5. Instrument Procedures
5.a. ........................
5.b. ........................
5.b.1. .....................
5.b.2. .....................
5.b.3. .....................
5.b.4. .....................
5.b.5. .....................
5.b.6. .....................
5.b.7. .....................
5.b.8. .....................
5.c. ........................
5.c. ........................
...
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14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
6.a.4. .....................
6.a.5. .....................
6.a.6. .....................
6.a.7. .....................
6.a.8. .....................
6.a.9. .....................
6.a.10. ...................
6.a.11 ....................
6.a.12. ...................
6.a.13. ...................
6.a.14. ...................
6.a.15. ...................
6.a.16. ...................
6.b. ........................
6.b.1. .....................
6.b.2. .....................
6.b.3. .....................
6.b.4. .....................
6.b.5. .....................
6.b.6. .....................
...
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8.c.3. .....................
8.c.4. .....................
8.d. ........................
8.d.1 ......................
8.d.2. .....................
8.d.3. .....................
8.e. ........................
8.e.1. .....................
8.e.2. .....................
8.f. .........................
8.f.1. ......................
8.f.2. ......................
8.f.3. ......................
8.f.4. ......................
8.g. ........................
8.h. ........................
8.i. .........................
8.i.1. ......................
8.i.2. ......................
1. Preflight Procedures
1.a. ........................
...
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4. Instrument Procedures
4.a. ........................
5. Normal and Abnormal Procedures (any phase of flight)
5.a. ........................
5.b. ........................
6. Postflight Procedures
6.a. ........................
6.b. ........................
6.c. ........................
6.d. ........................
6.e. ........................
7. Instructor Operating Station (IOS), as appropriate
7.a. ........................
7.b. ........................
7.c. ........................
7.c.1. .....................
7.c.2. .....................
7.d. ........................
7.e. ........................
7.e.1. .....................
...
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3. Postflight Procedures
3.a. ........................
3.b. ........................
3.c. ........................
4. Instructor Operating Station (IOS), as appropriate
4.a. ........................
4.b. ........................
4.c. ........................
4.c.1. .....................
4.c.2. .....................
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14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
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a. Not later than May 30, 2010, each current
b. First-time FSTD sponsors must submit
c. The Director of Operations for a Part 119
d. The minimum content required for an
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e. The sponsor must conduct assessments
f. The periodic assessments conducted by
g. An example of a segment assessment - 
12 months (e.g., segments 1, 2, and 3 at the
6 at the end of the second year). In both
h. The following materials are presented to
i. Additional Information.
119 and part 142 or two part 119 certificate
142 or two part 119 certificate holders) as
j. The FAA does not mandate a specific
(a) Brief the sponsor-s management on the
(b) Serve as the primary contact point for
(c) Oversee the day-to-day quality control.
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14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
(a) A maintenance facility that provides
(b) A recording system in the form of a
(c) Routine maintenance of the FSTD and
(d) A planned internal assessment schedule
Section 60.5(a).
Section 60.5(b).
Section 60.5(b).
Section 60.5(c).
Section 60.7(b)(5).
Section 60.7(b)(6).
Section 60.5(b)(7) and
Section 60.7(d)(2).
Section 60.9(b)(1).
Section 60.9(b)(2).
Section 60.9(c) and Appendix E,
Section 60.9(c)(2), (3), and (4).
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Section 60.14.
Section 60.15(a)-(d); Section 60.15(b);
Section 60.15(b)(i);
Section 60.15(b)(ii);
Section 60.15(b)(iii).
Section 60.15(e).
Section 60.15(h).
Section 60.15(i).
Section 60.16(a);
Section 60.16(a)(1)(i); and
Section 60.16(a)(1)(ii).
Section 60.19(a)(1) QPS Appendices A, B, C, or D.
Section 60.13; QPS Appendices
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14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
Section 60.19(a)(2) QPS Appendices A, B, C, or D.
Section 60.19(b)(2).
Section 60.19(b)(5)-(6).
Section 60.19(c);
Section 60.19(c)(2)(i);
Section 60.19(c)(2)(ii).
Section 60.19(c)(2)(iii).
Section 60.20.
Section 60.23(a)(1)-(2).
Section 60.23(b).
Section 60.23(c)(1)(i), (ii), and
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Section 60.23(d)-(e).
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Section 60.27(a)(3).
Section 60.31.
2 years, including the following:
Section 60.25(b)-(c), and QPS
1. SOME OF THE DEFINITIONS PRESENTED BELOW
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14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
2. DEFINITIONS
1st Segment - the portion of the takeoff profile from liftof...
2nd Segment - the portion of the takeoff
3rd Segment - the portion of the takeoff profile after flap/...
22R - ), those features that may be incomplete
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14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
10% of the average of the numerical values of
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14 CFR Ch. I (1-1-18 Edition)
3. Abbreviations
3.4263 candela/m2.
2008]
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PART 61 - CERTIFICATION: PILOTS,
100-2
Subpart A - General
61.1 Applicability and definitions.
61.2 Exercise of Privilege.
61.3 Requirement for certificates, ratings,
61.4 Qualification and approval of flight
61.5 Certificates and ratings issued under
61.7 Obsolete certificates and ratings.
61.8 Inapplicability of unmanned aircraft
61.9 [Reserved]
61.11 Expired
61.13 Issuance of airman certificates, ratings, and authoriz...
61.14 [Reserved]
61.15 Offenses involving alcohol or drugs.
61.16 Refusal to submit to an alcohol test or
61.17 Temporary certificate.
61.18 Security disqualification.
61.19 Duration of pilot and instructor certificates and priv...
61.21 Duration of a Category II and a Category III pilot aut...
...