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AIM 

6/17/21 

8. 

ETD and ETE. 

f. 

Prior to conducting a briefing, briefers are 

required to have the background information listed 
above so that they may tailor the briefing to the needs 
of the proposed flight. The objective is to 
communicate a “picture” of meteorological and 
aeronautical information necessary for the conduct of 
a safe and efficient flight. Briefers use all available 
weather and aeronautical information to summarize 
data applicable to the proposed flight. Pilots who 
have briefed themselves before calling Flight Service 
should advise the briefer what information has been 
obtained from other sources. 

REFERENCE

 

AIM, Paragraph 7

1

5 , Preflight Briefings,  contains those items of a 

weather briefing that should be expected or requested. 

g. 

FAA by 14 CFR Part 93, Subpart K, has 

designated High Density Traffic Airports (HDTA) 
and has prescribed air traffic rules and requirements 
for operating aircraft (excluding helicopter opera-
tions) to and from these airports. 

REFERENCE

 

Chart Supplement U.S., Special Notices Section 
AIM, Paragraph 4

1

21 , Airport Reservation Operations and Special 

Traffic Management Programs 

h. 

In addition to the filing of a flight plan, if the 

flight will traverse or land in one or more foreign 
countries, it is particularly important that pilots leave 
a complete itinerary with someone directly concerned 
and keep that person advised of the flight’s progress. 
If serious doubt arises as to the safety of the flight, that 
person should first contact the FSS. 

REFERENCE

 

AIM, Paragraph 5

1

11 , Flights Outside the U.S. and U.S. Territories 

i. 

Pilots operating under provisions of 14 CFR 

Part 135 on a domestic flight without having an FAA 
assigned 3

letter designator, must prefix the normal 

registration (N) number with the letter “T” on flight 
plan filing; for example, TN1234B. 

REFERENCE

 

AIM, Paragraph 4

2

4 , Aircraft Call Signs 

FAA Order JO 7110.65, Paragraph 2

3

5a, Aircraft Identity 

FAA Order JO 7110.10, Paragraph 6

2

1b1, Flight Plan Recording 

5

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2.  Follow IFR Procedures Even When 

Operating VFR 

a. 

To maintain IFR proficiency, pilots are urged to 

practice IFR procedures whenever possible, even 
when operating VFR. Some suggested practices 
include: 

1. 

Obtain a complete preflight briefing and 

check NOTAMs. Prior to every flight, pilots should 
gather all information vital to the nature of the flight. 
Pilots can receive a regulatory compliant briefing 
without contacting Flight Service. Pilots are 
encouraged to use automated resources and review 
AC 91

92, Pilot’s Guide to a Preflight Briefing, for 

more information. NOTAMs are available online 
from the Federal NOTAM System (FNS) NOTAM 
Search website (https://notams.aim.faa.gov/notam-
Search/), private vendors, or on request from Flight 
Service. 

2. 

File a flight plan. This is an excellent low cost 

insurance policy. The cost is the time it takes to fill it 
out. The insurance includes the knowledge that 
someone will be looking for you if you become 
overdue at your destination. Pilots can file flight plans 
either by using a website or by calling Flight Service. 
Flight planning applications are also available to file, 
activate, and close VFR flight plans. 

3. 

Use current charts. 

4. 

Use the navigation aids. Practice maintaining 

a good course

keep the needle centered. 

5. 

Maintain a constant altitude which is 

appropriate for the direction of flight. 

6. 

Estimate en route position times. 

7. 

Make accurate and frequent position reports 

to the FSSs along your route of flight. 

b. 

Simulated IFR flight is recommended (under 

the hood); however, pilots are cautioned to review 
and adhere to the requirements specified in 14 CFR 
Section 91.109 before and during such flight. 

c. 

When flying VFR at night, in addition to the 

altitude appropriate for the direction of flight, pilots 
should maintain an altitude which is at or above the 
minimum en route altitude as shown on charts. This 
is especially true in mountainous terrain, where there 
is usually very little ground reference. Do not depend 
on your eyes alone to avoid rising unlighted terrain, 
or even lighted obstructions such as TV towers. 

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3.  Notice to Airmen (NOTAM) System 

a. 

Time

critical aeronautical information that is of 

either a temporary nature or not sufficiently known in 
advance to permit publication on aeronautical charts 
or in other operational publications, receives 
immediate dissemination via the NOTAM System. 

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Preflight