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6/17/21 

AIM 

route or IAP, or assigns an appropriate altitude for the 
aircraft to maintain until so established. 

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5.  Missed Approach 

a.  Pilot. 

1. 

Executes a missed approach when one of the 

following conditions exist: 

(a) 

Arrival at the Missed Approach 

Point (MAP) or the Decision Height (DH) and visual 
reference to the runway environment is insufficient to 
complete the landing. 

(b) 

Determines that a safe approach or 

landing is not possible (see subparagraph 5

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21h). 

(c) 

Instructed to do so by ATC. 

2. 

Advises ATC that a missed approach will be 

made. Include the reason for the missed approach 
unless the missed approach is initiated by ATC. 

3. 

Complies with the missed approach instruc-

tions for the IAP being executed from the MAP, 
unless other missed approach instructions are 
specified by ATC. 

4. 

If executing a missed approach prior to 

reaching the MAP, fly the lateral navigation path of 
the instrument procedure to the MAP. Climb to the 
altitude specified in the missed approach procedure, 
except when a maximum altitude is specified 
between the final approach fix (FAF) and the MAP. In 
that case, comply with the maximum altitude 
restriction. Note, this may require a continued 
descent on the final approach. 

5. 

When applicable, apply cold temperature 

correction to the published missed approach segment. 
Advise ATC when intending to apply cold 
temperature correction and of the amount of 
correction required on initial contact (or as soon as 
possible). This information is required for ATC to 
provide aircraft appropriate vertical separation 
between known traffic. The pilot must not apply an 
altitude correction to an assigned altitude when 
provided an initial heading to fly or radar vector in 
lieu of published missed approach procedures, unless 
approved by ATC. 

REFERENCE

 

AIM, Chapter 7, Section 3, Cold Temperature Barometric Altimeter 
Errors, Setting Procedures, and Cold Temperature Airports (CTA) 
AIM, TBL 7

3

1, ICAO Cold Temperature Error Table 

6. 

Following a missed approach, requests 

clearance for specific action; i.e., another approach, 
hold for improved conditions, proceed to an alternate 
airport, etc. 

b.  Controller. 

1. 

Issues an approved alternate missed approach 

procedure if it is desired that the pilot execute a 
procedure other than as depicted on the instrument 
approach chart. 

2. 

May vector a radar identified aircraft 

executing a missed approach when operationally 
advantageous to the pilot or the controller. 

3. 

In response to the pilot’s stated intentions, 

issues a clearance to an alternate airport, to a holding 
fix, or for reentry into the approach sequence, as 
traffic conditions permit. 

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6.  Radar Vectors 

a.  Pilot. 

1. 

Promptly complies with headings and 

altitudes assigned to you by the controller. 

2. 

Questions any assigned heading or altitude 

believed to be incorrect. 

3. 

If operating VFR and compliance with any 

radar vector or altitude would cause a violation of any 
CFR, advises ATC and obtains a revised clearance or 
instructions. 

b.  Controller. 

1. 

Vectors aircraft in Class A, Class B, Class C, 

Class D, and Class E airspace: 

(a) 

For separation. 

(b) 

For noise abatement. 

(c) 

To obtain an operational advantage for the 

pilot or controller. 

2. 

Vectors aircraft in Class A, Class B, Class C, 

Class D, Class E, and Class G airspace when 
requested by the pilot. 

3. 

Vectors IFR aircraft at or above minimum 

vectoring altitudes. 

4. 

May vector aircraft off assigned procedures. 

When published altitude or speed restrictions are 
included, controllers must assign an altitude, or if 
necessary, a speed. 

5. 

May vector VFR aircraft, not at an ATC 

assigned altitude, at any altitude. In these cases, 
terrain separation is the pilot’s responsibility. 

Pilot/Controller Roles and Responsibilities 

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