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6/17/21 

AIM 

Section 7.  Safety, Accident, and Hazard Reports 

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1.  Aviation Safety Reporting Program 

a. 

The FAA has established a voluntary Aviation 

Safety Reporting Program designed to stimulate the 
free and unrestricted flow of information concerning 
deficiencies and discrepancies in the aviation system. 
This is a positive program intended to ensure the 
safest possible system by identifying and correcting 
unsafe conditions before they lead to accidents. The 
primary objective of the program is to obtain 
information to evaluate and enhance the safety and 
efficiency of the present system. 

b. 

This cooperative safety reporting program 

invites pilots, controllers, flight attendants, mainte-
nance personnel and other users of the airspace 
system, or any other person, to file written reports of 
actual or potential discrepancies and deficiencies 
involving the safety of aviation operations. The 
operations covered by the program include departure, 
en route, approach, and landing operations and 
procedures, air traffic control procedures and 
equipment, crew and air traffic control communica-
tions, aircraft cabin operations, aircraft movement on 
the airport, near midair collisions, aircraft mainte-
nance and record keeping and airport conditions or 
services. 

c. 

The report should give the date, time, location, 

persons and aircraft involved (if applicable), nature 
of the event, and all pertinent details. 

d. 

To ensure receipt of this information, the 

program provides for the waiver of certain 
disciplinary actions against persons, including pilots 
and air traffic controllers, who file timely written 
reports concerning potentially unsafe incidents. To be 
considered timely, reports must be delivered or 
postmarked within 10 days of the incident unless that 
period is extended for good cause. Reports should be 
submitted on NASA ARC Forms 277, which are 
available free of charge, postage prepaid, at FAA 
Flight Standards District Offices and Flight Service 
Stations, and from NASA, ASRS, PO Box 189, 
Moffet Field, CA  94035. 

e. 

The FAA utilizes the National Aeronautics and 

Space Administration (NASA) to act as an 
independent third party to receive and analyze reports 
submitted under the program. This program is 

described in AC 00

46, Aviation Safety Reporting 

Program. 

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2.  Aircraft Accident and Incident 

Reporting 

a.  Occurrences Requiring Notification. 

The 

operator of an aircraft must immediately, and by the 
most expeditious means available, notify the nearest 
National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) Field 
Office when: 

1. 

An aircraft accident or any of the following 

listed incidents occur: 

(a) 

Flight control system malfunction or 

failure. 

(b) 

Inability of any required flight crew 

member to perform their normal flight duties as a 
result of injury or illness. 

(c) 

Failure of structural components of a 

turbine engine excluding compressor and turbine 
blades and vanes. 

(d) 

Inflight fire. 

(e) 

Aircraft collide in flight. 

(f) 

Damage to property, other than the 

aircraft, estimated to exceed $25,000 for repair 
(including materials and labor) or fair market value in 
the event of total loss, whichever is less. 

(g) 

For large multi-engine aircraft (more than 

12,500 pounds maximum certificated takeoff 
weight): 

(1) 

Inflight failure of electrical systems 

which requires the sustained use of an emergency bus 
powered by a back-up source such as a battery, 
auxiliary power unit, or air-driven generator to retain 
flight control or essential instruments; 

(2) 

Inflight failure of hydraulic systems 

that results in sustained reliance on the sole remaining 
hydraulic or mechanical system for movement of 
flight control surfaces; 

(3) 

Sustained loss of the power or thrust 

produced by two or more engines; and 

(4) 

An evacuation of aircraft in which an 

emergency egress system is utilized. 

Safety, Accident, and Hazard Reports 

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