Code of Federal Regulations

Title 14 - Aeronautics and Space
Volume: 3Date: 2021-01-01Original Date: 2021-01-01Title: Section § 121.409 - Training courses using flight simulation training devices.Context: Title 14 - Aeronautics and Space. CHAPTER I - FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED). SUBCHAPTER G - AIR CARRIERS AND OPERATORS FOR COMPENSATION OR HIRE: CERTIFICATION AND OPERATIONS. PART 121 - OPERATING REQUIREMENTS: DOMESTIC, FLAG, AND SUPPLEMENTAL OPERATIONS. Subpart N - Training Program.
§ 121.409 Training courses using flight simulation training devices. (a) Training courses utilizing FSTDs may be included in the certificate holder's approved training program for use as provided in this section. (b) Except for the airline transport pilot certification training program approved to satisfy the requirements of § 61.156 of this chapter, a course of training in an FFS may be included for use as provided in § 121.441 if that course— (1) Provides at least 4 hours of training at the pilot controls of an FFS as well as a proper briefing before and after the training. (2) Provides training in at least the following: (i) The procedures and maneuvers set forth in appendix F to this part; or (ii) Line-oriented flight training (LOFT) that— (A) Before March 12, 2019, ( 1 ) Utilizes a complete flight crew; ( 2 ) Includes at least the maneuvers and procedures (abnormal and emergency) that may be expected in line operations; and ( 3 ) Is representative of the flight segment appropriate to the operations being conducted by the certificate holder. (B) Except as provided in paragraph (b)(2)(ii)(B)( 6 ) of this section, beginning on March 12, 2019— ( 1 ) Utilizes a complete flight crew; ( 2 ) Includes at least the maneuvers and procedures (abnormal and emergency) that may be expected in line operations;
Code of Federal Regulations / Title 14 - Aeronautics and Space / Vol. 3 / 2021-01-01161
( 3 ) Includes scenario-based or maneuver-based stall prevention training before, during or after the LOFT scenario for each pilot; ( 4 ) Is representative of two flight segments appropriate to the operations being conducted by the certificate holder; ( 5 ) Provides an opportunity to demonstrate workload management and pilot monitoring skills; and ( 6 ) Beginning on April 27, 2023, provides an opportunity for each pilot in command to demonstrate leadership and command skills. (3) Is given by an instructor who meets the applicable requirements of § 121.412. (c) The programmed hours of flight training set forth in this subpart do not apply if the training program for the airplane type includes— (1) A course of pilot training in an FFS as provided in § 121.424(e); or (2) A course of flight engineer training in an FSTD as provided in § 121.425(d). (d) Each certificate holder required to comply with § 121.358 of this part must use an approved FFS for each airplane type in each of its pilot training courses that provides training in at least the procedures and maneuvers set forth in the certificate holder's approved low-altitude windshear flight training program. The approved low-altitude windshear flight training, if applicable, must be included in each of the pilot flight training courses prescribed in §§ 121.409(b), 121.418, 121.424, 121.426, and 121.427 of this part. [Doc. No. 9509, 35 FR 90, Jan. 3, 1970, as amended by Amdt. 121-130, 41 FR 47229, Oct. 28, 1976; Amdt. 121-144, 43 FR 22646, May 25, 1978; Amdt. 121-199, 53 FR 37696, Sept. 27, 1988; Amdt. 121-264, 62 FR 23120, Apr. 28, 1997; Amdt. 121-365, 78 FR 42377, July 15, 2013; Amdt. 121-366, 78 FR 67837, Nov. 12, 2013; Amdt. 121-382, 85 FR 10921, Feb. 25, 2020; Amdt. 121-384, 85 FR 39070, June 30, 2020]