Code of Federal Regulations

Title 14 - Aeronautics and Space
Volume: 1Date: 2021-01-01Original Date: 2021-01-01Title: Section § 25.954 - Fuel system lightning protection.Context: Title 14 - Aeronautics and Space. CHAPTER I - FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION. SUBCHAPTER C - AIRCRAFT. PART 25 - AIRWORTHINESS STANDARDS: TRANSPORT CATEGORY AIRPLANES. Subpart E - Powerplant. - Fuel System.
§ 25.954 Fuel system lightning protection. (a) For purposes of this section— (1) A critical lightning strike is a lightning strike that attaches to the airplane in a location that, when combined with the failure of any design feature or structure, could create an ignition source. (2) A fuel system includes any component within either the fuel tank structure or the fuel tank systems, and any airplane structure or system components that penetrate, connect to, or are located within a fuel tank. (b) The design and installation of a fuel system must prevent catastrophic fuel vapor ignition due to lightning and its effects, including: (1) Direct lightning strikes to areas having a high probability of stroke attachment; (2) Swept lightning strokes to areas where swept strokes are highly probable; and (3) Lightning-induced or conducted electrical transients. (c) To comply with paragraph (b) of this section, catastrophic fuel vapor ignition must be extremely improbable, taking into account flammability, critical lightning strikes, and failures within the fuel system. (d) To protect design features that prevent catastrophic fuel vapor ignition caused by lightning, the type design must include critical design configuration control limitations (CDCCLs) identifying those features and providing information to protect them. To ensure the continued effectiveness of those design features, the type design must also include inspection and test procedures, intervals between repetitive inspections and tests, and mandatory replacement times for those design features used in demonstrating compliance to paragraph (b) of this section. The applicant must include the information required by this paragraph in the Airworthiness Limitations section of the Instructions for Continued Airworthiness required by § 25.1529. [Doc. No. FAA-2014-1027, Amdt. 25-146, 83 FR 47556, Sept. 20, 2018]