background image




Arrival Procedures

pilot responsibility for maintaining a safe approach

interval and adequate wake turbulence separation.

e. A visual approach is not an IAP and therefore

has no missed approach segment. If a go around is

necessary for any reason, aircraft operating at

controlled airports will be issued an appropriate

advisory/clearance/instruction by the tower. At

uncontrolled airports, aircraft are expected to remain

clear of clouds and complete a landing as soon as

possible. If a landing cannot be accomplished, the

aircraft is expected to remain clear of clouds and

contact ATC as soon as possible for further clearance.

Separation from other IFR aircraft will be maintained

under these circumstances.

f. Visual approaches reduce pilot/controller work-

load and expedite traffic by shortening flight paths to

the airport. It is the pilot’s responsibility to advise

ATC as soon as possible if a visual approach is not


g. Authorization to conduct a visual approach is an

IFR authorization and does not alter IFR flight plan

cancellation responsibility.


AIM Paragraph 5−1−15 , Canceling IFR Flight Plan

h. Radar service is automatically terminated,

without advising the pilot, when the aircraft is

instructed to change to advisory frequency.

5−4−24. Charted Visual Flight Procedure


a. CVFPs are charted visual approaches estab-

lished for environmental/noise considerations,

and/or when necessary for the safety and efficiency of

air traffic operations. The approach charts depict

prominent landmarks, courses, and recommended

altitudes to specific runways. CVFPs are designed to

be used primarily for turbojet aircraft.

b. These procedures will be used only at airports

with an operating control tower.

c. Most approach charts will depict some

NAVAID information which is for supplemental

navigational guidance only.

d. Unless indicating a Class B airspace floor, all

depicted altitudes are for noise abatement purposes

and are recommended only. Pilots are not prohibited

from flying other than recommended altitudes if

operational requirements dictate.

e. When landmarks used for navigation are not

visible at night, the approach will be annotated


f. CVFPs usually begin within 20 flying miles

from the airport.

g. Published weather minimums for CVFPs are

based on minimum vectoring altitudes rather than the

recommended altitudes depicted on charts.

h. CVFPs are not instrument approaches and do

not have missed approach segments.

i. ATC will not issue clearances for CVFPs when

the weather is less than the published minimum.

j. ATC will clear aircraft for a CVFP after the pilot

reports siting a charted landmark or a preceding

aircraft. If instructed to follow a preceding aircraft,

pilots are responsible for maintaining a safe approach

interval and wake turbulence separation.

k. Pilots should advise ATC if at any point they are

unable to continue an approach or lose sight of a

preceding aircraft. Missed approaches will be

handled as a go−around.

5−4−25. Contact Approach

a. Pilots operating in accordance with an IFR

flight plan, provided they are clear of clouds and have

at least 1 mile flight visibility and can reasonably

expect to continue to the destination airport in those

conditions, may request ATC authorization for a

contact approach.

b. Controllers may authorize a contact approach


1. The contact approach is specifically request-

ed by the pilot. ATC cannot initiate this approach.


Request contact approach.

2. The reported ground visibility at the

destination airport is at least 1 statute mile.

3. The contact approach will be made to an

airport having a standard or special instrument

approach procedure.

4. Approved separation is applied between

aircraft so cleared and between these aircraft and

other IFR or special VFR aircraft.


7110.65R CHG 2