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6/17/21 

AIM 

NOTE

 

The intent of the 30 degree intercept angle is to reduce the 
potential for overshoots of the final and to preclude 
side

by

side operations with one or both aircraft in a 

belly

up configuration during the turn

on. 

d.  Separation Responsibilities. 

If the pilot has 

the airport in sight but cannot see the aircraft to be 
followed, ATC may clear the aircraft for a visual 
approach; however, ATC retains both separation and 
wake vortex separation responsibility. When visually 
following a preceding aircraft, acceptance of the 
visual approach clearance constitutes acceptance of 
pilot responsibility for maintaining a safe approach 
interval and adequate wake turbulence separation. 

e. 

A visual approach is not an IAP and therefore 

has no missed approach segment. If a go around is 
necessary for any reason, aircraft operating at 
controlled airports will be issued an appropriate 
advisory/clearance/instruction by the tower. At 
uncontrolled airports, aircraft are expected to remain 
clear of clouds and complete a landing as soon as 
possible. If a landing cannot be accomplished, the 
aircraft is expected to remain clear of clouds and 
contact ATC as soon as possible for further clearance. 
Separation from other IFR aircraft will be maintained 
under these circumstances. 

f. 

Visual approaches reduce pilot/controller work-

load and expedite traffic by shortening flight paths to 
the airport. It is the pilot’s responsibility to advise 
ATC as soon as possible if a visual approach is not 
desired. 

g. 

Authorization to conduct a visual approach is an 

IFR authorization and does not alter IFR flight plan 
cancellation responsibility. 

REFERENCE

 

AIM Paragraph 5

1

15 , Canceling IFR Flight Plan 

h. 

Radar service is automatically terminated, 

without advising the pilot, when the aircraft is 
instructed to change to advisory frequency. 

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4

24.  Charted Visual Flight Procedure 

(CVFP) 

a. 

CVFPs are charted visual approaches estab-

lished for environmental/noise considerations, 
and/or when necessary for the safety and efficiency of 
air traffic operations. The approach charts depict 
prominent landmarks, courses, and recommended 

altitudes to specific runways. CVFPs are designed to 
be used primarily for turbojet aircraft. 

b. 

These procedures will be used only at airports 

with an operating control tower. 

c. 

Most approach charts will depict some 

NAVAID information which is for supplemental 
navigational guidance only. 

d. 

Unless indicating a Class B airspace floor, all 

depicted altitudes are for noise abatement purposes 
and are recommended only. Pilots are not prohibited 
from flying other than recommended altitudes if 
operational requirements dictate. 

e. 

When landmarks used for navigation are not 

visible at night, the approach will be annotated 

PROCEDURE NOT AUTHORIZED AT NIGHT

.

” 

f. 

CVFPs usually begin within 20 flying miles 

from the airport. 

g. 

Published weather minimums for CVFPs are 

based on minimum vectoring altitudes rather than the 
recommended altitudes depicted on charts. 

h. 

CVFPs are not instrument approaches and do 

not have missed approach segments. 

i. 

ATC will not issue clearances for CVFPs when 

the weather is less than the published minimum. 

j. 

ATC will clear aircraft for a CVFP after the pilot 

reports siting a charted landmark or a preceding 
aircraft. If instructed to follow a preceding aircraft, 
pilots are responsible for maintaining a safe approach 
interval and wake turbulence separation. 

k. 

Pilots should advise ATC if at any point they are 

unable to continue an approach or lose sight of a 
preceding aircraft. Missed approaches will be 
handled as a go

around. 

l. 

When conducting visual approaches, pilots are 

encouraged to use other available navigational aids to 
assist in positive lateral and vertical alignment with 
the assigned runway. 

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4

25.  Contact Approach 

a. 

Pilots operating in accordance with an IFR 

flight plan, provided they are clear of clouds and have 
at least 1 mile flight visibility and can reasonably 
expect to continue to the destination airport in those 
conditions, may request ATC authorization for a 
contact approach. 

Arrival Procedures 

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