background image

6/17/21 

AIM 

pilot from complying with (a) or (b) above, the pilot 
must report immediately after departure: the time of 
departure, the altitude, and the estimated time of 
arrival over the first reporting point along the flight 
route. 

3.  Foreign civil aircraft.

 If the pilot of a foreign 

civil aircraft that intends to enter the U.S. through an 
ADIZ cannot comply with the reporting requirements 
in subparagraphs c1 or c2 above, as applicable, the 
pilot must report the position of the aircraft to the 
appropriate aeronautical facility not less than 1 hour 
and not more than 2 hours average direct cruising 
distance from the U.S. 

d.  Land

Based ADIZ.

 Land

Based ADIZ are 

activated and deactivated over U.S. metropolitan 
areas as needed, with dimensions, activation dates 
and other relevant information disseminated via 
NOTAM. Pilots unable to comply with all NOTAM 
requirements must remain clear of Land

Based 

ADIZ. Pilots entering a Land

Based ADIZ without 

authorization or who fail to follow all requirements 
risk interception by military fighter aircraft. 

e.  Exceptions to ADIZ requirements. 

1. 

Except for the national security requirements 

in paragraph 5

6

2, transponder requirements in 

subparagraph 5

6

4b1, and position reporting in 

subparagraph 5

6

4c, the ADIZ requirements in 

14 CFR Part 99 described in this section do not apply 
to the following aircraft operations pursuant to 
Section 99.1(b), Applicability: 

(a) 

Within the 48 contiguous States or within 

the State of Alaska, on a flight which remains within 
10 NM of the point of departure; 

(b) 

Operating at true airspeed of less than 180 

knots in the Hawaii ADIZ or over any island, or 
within 12 NM of the coastline of any island, in the 
Hawaii ADIZ; 

(c) 

Operating at true airspeed of less than 180 

knots in the Alaska ADIZ while the pilot maintains a 
continuous listening watch on the appropriate 
frequency; or 

(d) 

Operating at true airspeed of less than 180 

knots in the Guam ADIZ. 

2. 

An FAA air route traffic control center 

(ARTCC) may exempt certain aircraft operations on 
a local basis in concurrence with the DOD or pursuant 
to an agreement with a U.S. Federal security or 

intelligence agency. (See 14 CFR 99.1 for additional 
information.) 

f. 

A VFR flight plan filed inflight makes an 

aircraft subject to interception for positive identifica-
tion when entering an ADIZ. Pilots are therefore 
urged to file the required DVFR flight plan either in 
person or by telephone prior to departure when able. 

5

6

5.  Civil Aircraft Operations To or From 

U.S. Territorial Airspace 

a. 

Civil aircraft, except as described in subpara-

graph 5

6

5b below, are authorized to operate to or 

from U.S. territorial airspace if in compliance with all 
of the following conditions: 

1. 

File and are on an active flight plan (IFR, 

VFR, or DVFR); 

2. 

Are equipped with an operational transpon-

der with altitude reporting capability, and 
continuously squawk an ATC assigned transponder 
code; 

3. 

Maintain two

way radio communications 

with ATC; 

4. 

Comply with all other applicable ADIZ 

requirements described in paragraph 5

6

4 and any 

other national security requirements in paragraph 
5

6

2; 

5. 

Comply with all applicable U.S. Customs and 

Border Protection (CBP) requirements, including 
Advance Passenger Information System (APIS) 
requirements (see subparagraph 5

6

5c below for 

CBP APIS information), in accordance with 19 CFR 
Part 122, 

Air Commerce Regulations

; and 

6. 

Are in receipt of, and are operating in 

accordance with, an FAA routing authorization if the 
aircraft is registered in a U.S. State Department

des-

ignated special interest country or is operating with 
the ICAO three letter designator (3LD) of a company 
in a country listed as a U.S. State Department

desig-

nated special interest country, unless the operator 
holds valid FAA Part 129 operations specifications. 
VFR and DVFR flight operations are prohibited for 
any aircraft requiring an FAA routing authorization. 
(See paragraph 5

6

11 for FAA routing authoriza-

tion information). 

b. 

Civil aircraft registered in the U.S., Canada, or 

Mexico with a maximum certificated takeoff gross 
weight of 100,309 pounds (45,500 kgs) or less that are 

National Security and Interception Procedures 

5

6